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SpongeBob SquarePants

Jump to navigation Jump to search This article is in regards to the tv series. For the name persona, see SpongeBob SquarePants (personality).

SpongeBob SquarePantsAlso known asSpongeBobGenreComedy[1]Surreal comedy[2]Created byStephen HillenburgAdvanced by means of Derek Drymon Tim Hill Nick JenningsCreative directors Derek Drymon (1999–2004) Vincent Waller (2005–15)Voices of Tom Kenny Bill Fagerbakke Rodger Bumpass Clancy Brown Mr. Lawrence Jill Talley Carolyn Lawrence Mary Jo Catlett Lori Alan (Complete record)Narrated throughTom Kenny (various episodes)Theme track composer Derek Drymon Mark Harrison Stephen Hillenburg Blaise SmithOpening theme"SpongeBob SquarePants Theme Song", (performed by means of Patrick Pinney)Ending theme"SpongeBob Closing Theme", (composed through Steve Belfer)Composers Steve Belfer Nicolas Carr Sage Guyton Jeremy Wakefield Brad Carow (1999–2002) The Blue Hawaiians (1999–2002) Eban Schletter (2000–) Barry Anthony Trop (2005–14)Country of foundationUnited StatesOriginal languageEnglishNo. of seasons13No. of episodes265 (checklist of episodes)ProductionExecutive manufacturers Stephen Hillenburg (1999–2018) Paul Tibbitt (2008–17)Producers Donna Castricone (1999–2002) Helen Kafatic (2002–04) Anne Michaud (2001) Dina Buteyn (2005–10) Jennie Monica Hammond (2010–)Running time 11 minutes (common episodes handiest) 22 minutes (particular episodes most effective)Production corporations United Plankton Pictures Nickelodeon Animation Studio[a]ReleaseOriginal networkNickelodeon[b]Picture format NTSC (480i) (1999–2012) HDTV 1080i (2009, 2012–)Audio layout Stereo (1999–2012) Dolby Surround 5.1 (2009, 2012–)Original releaseMay 1, 1999 –provideChronologyRelated displaysKamp Koral: SpongeBob's Under YearsExternal hyperlinksWebweb site

SpongeBob SquarePants (additionally simply referred to as SpongeBob) is an American animated comedy television collection created by way of marine science educator and animator Stephen Hillenburg for Nickelodeon. The collection chronicles the adventures and endeavors of the name persona and his aquatic friends within the fictional underwater metropolis of Bikini Bottom. The fifth-longest-running American animated series, its reputation has made it a media franchise. It is the best possible rated series to air on Nickelodeon and it is the most allotted assets from ViacomCBS Networks International. The media franchise has generated more than $Thirteen billion in vending earnings for Nickelodeon.[6]

Many of the collection' ideas originated in The Intertidal Zone, an unpublished tutorial guide that Hillenburg created in 1989 to show his students about undersea existence.[7] He started growing SpongeBob SquarePants right into a television collection in 1996 following the cancellation of Rocko's Modern Life, and in 1997, a seven-minute pilot used to be pitched to Nickelodeon. He grew to become to Tom Kenny, who had labored with him on that sequence, to voice the title character. SpongeBob was initially going to be named SpongeBoy, and the sequence known as SpongeBoy Ahoy!; either one of those had been modified as the identify was already trademarked.

Nickelodeon held a preview for the collection in the United States on May 1, 1999, after it aired the 1999 Kids' Choice Awards. The sequence formally premiered on July 17, 1999. It has received international vital acclaim since its premiere and had gained enormous recognition via its 2d season. A feature movie, The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie, was launched in theaters on November 19, 2004. A 2d movie adaptation, The SpongeBob Movie: Sponge Out of Water, adopted on February 6, 2015. A 3rd movie and prequel to the television collection, The SpongeBob Movie: Sponge at the Run, was released in Canadian theaters on August 14, 2020 followed by way of a premiere on video-on-demand and Paramount+ on March 4, 2021. In 2018, the collection started airing its 12th season; it was once renewed for a thirteenth season on July 17, 2019, which started airing in October 2020.[8] As of July 30, 2020, all prior seasons of the display are to be had on Paramount+.[9]

SpongeBob SquarePants has received numerous awards including: six Annie Awards, 8 Golden Reel Awards, four Emmy Awards, 18 Kids' Choice Awards, and two BAFTA Children's Awards. A Broadway musical in response to the collection opened in 2017 to vital acclaim.[10]Kamp Koral: SpongeBob's Under Years, a CGI- animated spin-off sequence, debuted in March 2021 on the streaming provider Paramount+. Two additional spin-off collection, an untitled venture in accordance with the nature Squidward Tentacles and The Patrick Star Show, are in building as of 2020.

Premise

Setting Bikini Atoll, a coral reef within the Pacific Ocean. Tom Kenny showed the fictitious metropolis of Bikini Bottom is known as after Bikini Atoll.

The series takes position primarily in the fictional benthic underwater city of Bikini Bottom situated within the Pacific Ocean underneath the real-life coral reef known as Bikini Atoll.[11][12][13][c] Its citizens are most commonly multicolored fish who live in constructions created from ship funnels and use "boatmobiles", amalgamations of cars and boats, as a style of transportation. Recurring locations inside Bikini Bottom include the neighboring houses of SpongeBob, Patrick, and Squidward; two competing restaurants, the Krusty Krab and the Chum Bucket; Mrs. Puff's Boating School, which incorporates a driving direction and a sunken lighthouse; the Treedome, an oxygenated glass enclosure the place Sandy lives; Shady Shoals Rest Home; a seagrass meadow known as Jellyfish Fields; and Goo Lagoon, a subaqueous brine pool that could be a widespread beach hangout.[15]

When the SpongeBob staff began manufacturing of the sequence' pilot episode, they had been tasked with designing stock locations, to be used time and again, where maximum scenes would take place just like the Krusty Krab and SpongeBob's pineapple house.[16] The idea was once "to keep everything nautical", so the group used various rope, picket planks, ships' wheels, netting, anchors, boilerplates, and rivets to create the show's atmosphere. Transitions between scenes are marked by way of bubbles filling the display screen, accompanied via the sound of rushing water.[16]

The series options "sky flowers" as a prime setting subject material.[16] When sequence background dressmaker Kenny Pittenger was asked what they have been, he responded, "They function as clouds in a way, but since the show takes place underwater, they aren't really clouds. Because of the tiki influence on the show, the background painters use a lot of pattern."[16] Pittenger mentioned the sky plants had been meant to "evoke the look of a flower-print Hawaiian shirt".[16]

Characters Main article: List of SpongeBob SquarePants characters The series' main characters. Top row, from left to appropriate: Pearl, Plankton, and Karen. Bottom row: Sandy, Mr. Krabs, SpongeBob, Squidward, Gary, Patrick, and Mrs. Puff.

The series revolves around the name personality and an ensemble solid of his aquatic pals. SpongeBob SquarePants is an vigorous and positive sea sponge who lives in a submerged pineapple together with his puppy snail Gary, who meows like a cat. SpongeBob has a childlike enthusiasm for life, which carries over to his task as a fry cook dinner at a fast meals eating place known as the Krusty Krab. His largest objective in life is to procure a license to power a boatmobile. His favourite pastimes come with "jellyfishing", which comes to catching jellyfish with a net in a fashion similar to butterfly catching, and blowing soap bubbles into elaborate shapes.

Living two properties away from SpongeBob is his best friend Patrick Star, a dim-witted yet pleasant pink starfish who resides underneath a rock. Despite his mental setbacks, Patrick sees himself as intelligent.[17] Squidward Tentacles, SpongeBob's next-door neighbor and co-worker at the Krusty Krab, is an conceited, ill-tempered octopus who lives in an Easter Island moai. He enjoys playing the clarinet and painting self-portraits however hates his process as a cashier. He also dislikes living between SpongeBob and Patrick as a result of their infantile nature. The owner of the Krusty Krab is a miserly crimson crab named Mr. Krabs who talks like a sailor and runs his eating place as though it have been a pirate ship. He is a single mother or father with one teenage daughter, a sperm whale named Pearl, to whom he wants to bequeath his riches. Pearl does no longer need to continue the circle of relatives business and would somewhat spend her time paying attention to pop music or operating at the local shopping mall.[18] Another of SpongeBob's friends is Sandy Cheeks, a thrill-seeking and athletic squirrel from Texas, who wears an air-filled diving suit to respire underwater.[19] She lives in an oak tree entrapped in a clear glass dome locked by means of an hermetic, hand-turned seal and is an expert in karate, in addition to a scientist.

Located around the side road from the Krusty Krab is an unsuccessful rival eating place referred to as the Chum Bucket.[20] It is administered via a small, inexperienced, one-eyed copepod[21] named Plankton and his computer-wife, Karen.[22] Plankton continuously tries to scouse borrow the name of the game recipe for Mr. Krabs's common Krabby Patty burgers, hoping to gain the higher hand and put the Krusty Krab into chapter 11.[23] Karen supplies him with evil schemes to procure the system, but their efforts are at all times unsuccessful and their eating place rarely has any customers.[24] When SpongeBob is not running at the Krusty Krab, he's continuously taking boat-driving classes from Mrs. Puff, a paranoid however affected person pufferfish. SpongeBob is Mrs. Puff's most diligent student and knows each resolution to the oral exams he's taking, but he panics and crashes when he tries to pressure a real boat.[25] When Mrs. Puff endures certainly one of SpongeBob's crashes or is otherwise nervous, she puffs up into a ball.[26]

Special episodes of the display are hosted via a live-action pirate named Patchy and his puppy parrot Potty, whose segments are offered in a twin narrative with the animated tales.[27] Patchy is portrayed as the president of a fictional SpongeBob fan membership, and his biggest aspiration is to satisfy SpongeBob himself. Potty likes to make amusing of Patchy's enthusiasm and causes trouble for him whilst he tries to host the display. An unseen determine referred to as the French Narrator regularly introduces episodes and narrates the intertitles as though the series were a nature documentary about the ocean. His function and distinctive method of speaking are references to the oceanographer Jacques Cousteau.[28] Recurring guest characters seem all the way through the collection including: the retired superheroes Mermaid Man and Barnacle Boy, who are idolized by means of SpongeBob and Patrick; a pirate specter known as the Flying Dutchman; the muscular lifeguard of Goo Lagoon, Larry the Lobster; and the merman god of the ocean, King Neptune.

Production

Development Early inspirations Before developing SpongeBob SquarePants, Stephen Hillenburg taught marine biology to guests of the Ocean Institute (located in Dana Point, California).[29]

Series' creator Stephen Hillenburg first became fascinated about the ocean as a child and began growing his inventive talents at a tender age. Although these interests would now not overlap for some time—the theory of drawing fish appeared uninteresting to him—Hillenburg pursued each during university, receiving a big in marine biology and a minor in art. After graduating in 1984, he joined the Ocean Institute, an organization in Dana Point, California, devoted to teaching the general public about marine science and maritime history.[29][30]

While Hillenburg used to be there, his love of the ocean began to steer his artistry. He created a precursor to SpongeBob SquarePants: a comic book e-book titled The Intertidal Zone used by the institute to teach visiting students concerning the animal lifetime of tide pools.[30] The comic starred various anthropomorphic sea lifeforms, a lot of which would evolve into SpongeBob SquarePants characters.[31] Hillenburg attempted to get the comic professionally printed, however none of the corporations he sent it to were interested.[30]

A large inspiration to Hillenburg was once Ween's 1997 album The Mollusk, which had a nautical and underwater theme. Hillenburg contacted the band shortly after the album's unencumber, explaining the baseline ideas for SpongeBob SquarePants, and likewise requested a song from the band, which they despatched on Christmas Eve. This music was "Loop de Loop", which used to be used in the episode "Your Shoe's Untied".[32][33][34]

Conception

While operating as a staff artist on the Ocean Institute, Hillenburg entertained plans to go back in the end to school for a grasp's stage in artwork. Before this is able to materialize, he attended an animation festival, which inspired him to make a slight exchange in path. Instead of continuing his training with a traditional artwork program, Hillenburg selected to check experimental animation on the California Institute of the Arts.[30] His thesis movie, Wormholes, is concerning the idea of relativity.[35] It used to be screened at gala's, and at this type of, Hillenburg met Joe Murray, creator of the preferred Nickelodeon animated series, Rocko's Modern Life. Murray used to be inspired through the style of the movie and presented Hillenburg a role.[35][36] Hillenburg joined the series as a director and later, during the fourth season, he took at the roles of manufacturer and inventive director.[31][35][36][37]

Martin Olson, one of the vital writers for Rocko's Modern Life, read The Intertidal Zone and inspired Hillenburg to create a tv sequence with a equivalent idea. At that point, Hillenburg had no longer even considered creating his personal collection. However, he realized that if he ever did, this would be the very best manner.[30][35][38] He began to broaden one of the vital characters from The Intertidal Zone, including the comic's "announcer", Bob the Sponge.[30] He sought after his sequence to stand out from hottest cartoons of the time, which he felt have been exemplified through good friend comedies like The Ren & Stimpy Show. As a result, Hillenburg determined to concentrate on a unmarried major personality: the "weirdest" sea creature he may just think of. This led him to the sponge.[30]The Intertidal Zone's Bob the Sponge resembles an actual sea sponge, and in the beginning, Hillenburg persisted to use this design.[30][35][36][39] In determining the new character's conduct, Hillenburg drew inspiration from blameless, childlike figures that he enjoyed, reminiscent of Charlie Chaplin, Laurel and Hardy, Jerry Lewis, and Pee-wee Herman.[30][36][40][41][42] He then regarded as modeling the character after a kitchen sponge and realized this idea would fit the nature's square character completely.[30][35][36] Patrick, Mr. Krabs, Pearl, and Squidward had been the following characters Hillenburg created for the show.[43]

To voice the series' central personality, Hillenburg became to Tom Kenny, whose career in animation had began along Hillenburg's on Rocko's Modern Life. Elements of Kenny's own character have been employed to increase the character further.[44] Initially, Hillenburg wanted to make use of the title SpongeBoy—the character had no ultimate title—and the sequence was to had been referred to as SpongeBoy Ahoy![39][44] However, the Nickelodeon prison division discovered—after voice appearing were completed for the original seven-minute pilot episode—that the identify "SpongeBoy" was once already in use for a mop product.[44] A character of the same name used to be already trademarked by Flaming Carrot Comics creator Bob Burden.[45] In choosing a alternative identify, Hillenburg felt he nonetheless had to make use of the notice "Sponge", in order that viewers would no longer mistake the nature for a "Cheese Man". He settled on the identify "SpongeBob". "SquarePants" used to be chosen as a family name after Kenny saw a picture of the nature and remarked, "Boy, look at this sponge in square pants, thinking he can get a job in a fast food place."[40] When he heard Kenny say it Hillenburg liked the word and felt it will toughen the character's nerdiness.[40][46]

Assembling the crew

Derek Drymon, who served as ingenious director for the first three seasons, has mentioned that Hillenburg sought after to surround himself with a "team of young and hungry people".[41] Many of the major contributors to SpongeBob SquarePants had labored prior to with Hillenburg on Rocko's Modern Life: this integrated: Drymon, art director Nick Jennings, supervising director Alan Smart, author / voice actor Doug Lawrence (often credited as Mr. Lawrence), and Tim Hill, who helped expand the series bible.[41][42]

Although Drymon would pass on to have a significant influence on SpongeBob SquarePants, he was once now not presented a task at the sequence initially. As a overdue recruit to Rocko's Modern Life, he had now not established much of a courting with Hillenburg ahead of SpongeBob's conception. Hillenburg first sought out Drymon's storyboard partner, Mark O'Hare—but he had simply created the soon-to-be syndicated caricature, Citizen Dog.[41] While he would later join SpongeBob as a author,[47] he lacked the time to become involved with each initiatives from the outset.[41] Drymon has mentioned, "I remember Hillenburg's bringing it up to Mark in our office and asking him if he'd be interested in working on it ... I was all ready to say yes to the offer, but Steve didn't ask; he just left the room. I was pretty desperate ... so I ran into the hall after him and basically begged him for the job. He didn't jump at the chance."[41] Once Hillenburg had given it some concept and determined to deliver Drymon on as inventive director, the 2 started meeting at Hillenburg's space several times every week to broaden the collection. Drymon has known this period as having begun in 1996, in a while after the top of Rocko's Modern Life.[41]

Jennings used to be also instrumental in SpongeBob's genesis.[48] Kenny has referred to as him "one of SpongeBob's early graphics mentors".[42] On weekends, Kenny joined Hillenburg, Jennings, and Drymon for creative classes where they recorded concepts on a tape recorder.[42] Kenny performed audio checks as SpongeBob all through these classes, whilst Hillenburg voice acted the other characters.[39][42]

Hill contributed scripts for a number of first-season episodes (together with the pilot)[49][50][51][52] and was introduced the function of story editor, however became it down—he would move directly to pursue a career as a circle of relatives film director.[53][54] In his stead, Pete Burns used to be brought in for the process. Burns hailed from Chicago and had never met any of the main avid gamers on SpongeBob sooner than joining the group.[41]

Pitching The pros from Nickelodeon flew out to Burbank, and we pitched it to them from the storyboards. We had squeezy toys, wore Hawaiian shirts, and used a growth field to play the Tiny Tim track ['Livin' within the Sunlight, Lovin' in the Moonlight'] that comes on within the third act. We actually went all out in that pitch because we knew the pilot lived or died by means of if the professionals laughed. When it used to be over, they walked out of the room to talk about it. We figured they'd fly back to New York and we would pay attention in a few weeks. We have been stunned when they got here again in what gave the look of minutes and stated they sought after to make it.

—Derek Drymon[41]

While pitching the cartoon to Nickelodeon executives, Hillenburg donned a Hawaiian blouse, brought along an "underwater terrarium with models of the characters", and played Hawaiian track to set the theme. The setup was once described by Nickelodeon executive Eric Coleman as "pretty amazing".[35] They were given money and two weeks to write the pilot episode "Help Wanted".[35] Drymon, Hillenburg, and Jennings returned with what used to be described by way of Nickelodeon legit Albie Hecht as, "a performance [he] wished [he] had on tape".[35] Although government producer Derek Drymon described the pitch as aggravating, he mentioned it went "very well".[35]Kevin Kay and Hecht needed to step outdoor because they had been "exhausted from laughing", which anxious the cartoonists.[35]

In an interview, Cyma Zarghami, then-president of Nickelodeon, stated, "their [Nickelodeon executives'] immediate reaction was to see it again, both because they liked it and it was unlike anything they'd ever seen before".[55] Zarghami used to be considered one of 4 executives within the room when SpongeBob SquarePants used to be screened for the primary time.[55]

Before commissioning the total sequence, Nickelodeon executives insisted that it would no longer be standard unless SpongeBob was a kid who went to school, together with his instructor as a major persona.[56] Hillenburg recalled in 2012 that Nickelodeon told him, "Our winning formula is animation about kids in school... We want you to put SpongeBob in school."[30] Hillenburg was ready to "walk out" on Nickelodeon and abandon the series, since he wanted SpongeBob to be an grownup persona.[30] He eventually compromised by adding a brand new persona to the main forged, Mrs. Puff, who is a boat-driving instructor. Hillenburg was once happy with the compromise and stated, "A positive thing for me that came out of it was [how it brought] in a new character, Mrs. Puff, who I love."[30]

Executive producers and showrunners Stephen Hillenburg, author of SpongeBob SquarePants

Until his loss of life in 2018, Hillenburg had served as the executive manufacturer over the course of the collection' whole historical past and functioned as its showrunner from its debut in 1999 till 2004. The series went on hiatus in 2002, after Hillenburg halted production on the show itself to work at the function film The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie.[45] Once the movie was once finalized and the third season completed, Hillenburg resigned because the series' showrunner. Although he now not had an instantaneous function within the collection' manufacturing, he maintained an advisory position and reviewed each and every episode.[55][57]

It reached a point the place I felt I'd contributed so much and stated what I wanted to say. At that point, the display wanted new blood, and so I decided on Paul [Tibbitt] to supply. I completely depended on him. I always enjoyed the way in which he captured the SpongeBob character's sense of humor. And as a creator, you need to move on—I'm growing new initiatives.

—Stephen Hillenburg, The Washington Post[58]

When the movie was once completed, Hillenburg intended it to be the collection finale, "so [the show] wouldn't jump the shark." However, Nickelodeon sought after extra episodes.[59] Hillenburg appointed Paul Tibbitt, who had up to now served at the display as a writer, director, and storyboard artist, to take over his role as showrunner to provide further seasons.[60] Hillenburg considered Tibbitt one among his favorite members of the show's crew,[61] and "totally trusted him".[58]

On December 13, 2014, it was announced that Hillenburg would return to the sequence in an unspecified place.[62] On November 26, 2018, at the age of 57, Hillenburg died from headaches from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), which had been identified in March 2017.[63][64] Nickelodeon confirmed by way of Twitter the collection would proceed after his death.[65] In February 2019 incoming president Brian Robbins vowed Nickelodeon would keep the display in manufacturing for so long as the network exists.[66]

As of the ninth season, former writers and storyboard administrators Vincent Waller and Marc Ceccarelli act as showrunners.

Writing

According to creator and storyboard artist Luke Brookshier, "SpongeBob is written differently to many television shows".[67] Unlike most of its contemporaries, SpongeBob SquarePants does now not use written scripts.[67][68] Instead, storylines are advanced by a crew of 5 outline and premise writers. A two-page outline is then assigned to a team of storyboard directors, who produce an entire tough draft of the storyboard. One of the methods used to collect storyboards was once to make use of Post-it notes. Most of the discussion and jokes are added right through this stage.[45][67] Brookshier has likened this procedure to how cartoons were made "in the early days of animation."[67]

The decision to eschew scripts for storyboards is person who Hillenburg made early in the sequence' construction.[45]Rocko's Modern Life had extensively utilized storyboarding derived from quick outlines, and having worked on that sequence, Hillenburg felt strongly about adopting the method for SpongeBob SquarePants—although Nickelodeon was once starting to display a better choice for script-driven cartoons.[41][69] Another series' writer, Merriwether Williams, defined in an interview that she and Mr. Lawrence would write a draft for an episode in an afternoon and be executed at 4:00 pm.[70]

The writing staff often used their personal reports as inspiration for the storylines of the series' episodes.[41][58] For instance, the episode "Sailor Mouth", the place SpongeBob and Patrick be informed profanity,[58] was once encouraged by means of inventive director Derek Drymon's enjoy as a child of having into bother for using the f-word in entrance of his mom.[41] Drymon stated, "The scene where Patrick is running to Mr. Krabs to tattle, with SpongeBob chasing him, is pretty much how it happened in real life".[41] The finish of the episode when Mr. Krabs makes use of much more profanity than SpongeBob and Patrick, was once encouraged "by the fact that my [Drymon's] mother has a sailor mouth herself".[41] The idea for the episode "The Secret Box" additionally came from one in every of Drymon's adolescence experiences.[58][70] Hillenburg explained, "Drymon had a secret box [as a kid] and started telling us about it. We wanted to make fun of him and use it."[58]

Almost each and every episode is divided into two 11-minute segments. Hillenburg explained: "[I] never really wanted to deliberately try to write a half-hour show".[58] He added, "I wrote the shows to where they felt right".[58]

Voice actors Further knowledge: List of SpongeBob SquarePants cast participants and List of SpongeBob SquarePants guest stars Steve described SpongeBob to me as childlike and naïve. He's not somewhat an adult, he is not quite a child. Think a Stan Laurel, Jerry Lewis kind of child-man. Kind of like a Munchkin however no longer slightly, kind of like a child, but no longer in a Charlie Brown child's voice at the TV presentations.

—Tom Kenny[42]

SpongeBob SquarePants options the voices of: Tom Kenny, Bill Fagerbakke, Rodger Bumpass, Clancy Brown, Mr. Lawrence, Jill Talley, Carolyn Lawrence, Mary Jo Catlett, and Lori Alan. Most one-off and background characters are voiced via: Dee Bradley Baker, Sirena Irwin, Bob Joles, Mark Fite and Thomas F. Wilson.

Kenny voices SpongeBob SquarePants and plenty of different characters, including SpongeBob's pet snail Gary and the French narrator. He also physically portrays Patchy the Pirate in live-action segments of maximum particular episodes. Kenny prior to now labored with Stephen Hillenburg on Rocko's Modern Life. When Hillenburg created SpongeBob SquarePants, he approached Kenny to voice the principle character.[71] Kenny in the beginning used the voice of SpongeBob for a minor personality on Rocko.[44] He forgot methods to carry out the voice first of all and didn't intend to use it later on. Hillenburg, then again, used a video clip of the episode to remind Kenny of the voice.[44] When Hillenburg heard Kenny perform the voice, he knew straight away he wanted it for his personality. He said to Nickelodeon executives, "That's it—I don't want to hear anybody else do the voice. We've got SpongeBob."[42] The network insisted on auditioning more actors, however Hillenburg grew to become them down; in the phrases of Tom Kenny, "one of the advantages of having a strong creator is that the creator can say, 'No, I like that—I don't care about celebrities.'"[42] While Kenny used to be growing SpongeBob's voice, the show's casting workforce sought after him to have a novel, high-pitched snigger within the tradition of Popeye and Woody Woodpecker.[72]

Fagerbakke voices Patrick Star[73] and different miscellaneous characters. At the same time when Hillenburg, Derek Drymon and Tim Hill had been writing the pilot "Help Wanted", Hillenburg used to be also conducting auditions to seek out voices for the characters.[41] Fagerbakke auditioned for the function of Patrick after Kenny had been forged.[74] Fagerbakke recalled that during this audition, "Hillenburg actually played for me a portion of Tom [Kenny]'s performance [as SpongeBob], and they were looking for a counterpoint."[74] In an interview, Fagerbakke when compared himself to the nature and stated, "It's extremely gratifying".[75] Whenever Patrick is indignant Fagerbakke fashions his efficiency after American actress Shelley Winters.[76]

Squidward Tentacles is voiced by way of Rodger Bumpass, who describes him as "a very nasally, monotone kind of guy." He mentioned the nature "became a very interesting character to do" as a result of "his sarcasm, and then his frustration, and then his apoplexy, and so he became a wide spectrum of emotions".[77] Arthur Brown, creator of Everything I Need to Know, I Learned from Cartoons!, has in comparison Squidward's voice to that of Jack Benny's,[78] a similarity Bumpass says is mostly accidental.[77] Voice appearing veteran Clancy Brown voices Mr. Krabs, SpongeBob's boss at the Krusty Krab. Hillenburg modeled Mr. Krabs after his former manager at a seafood restaurant, whose strong Maine accent reminded Hillenburg of a pirate.[79] Brown decided to make use of a "piratey" voice for the character with "a little Scottish brogue" after listening to Hillenburg's description of his boss.[80] According to Brown, his Mr. Krabs voice used to be most commonly improvised all through his audition and it was once no longer challenging for him to find the right kind voice.[80]

Mr. Lawrence had met Hillenburg before on Rocko's Modern Life. While working at the pilot episode of SpongeBob, Hillenburg invited him to audition for all of the characters.[81] Since different voices were discovered for the principle forged already, Lawrence began by voicing a number of minor characters. This included Plankton, who was once first of all only set to seem in a single episode.[81][41] Mr. Lawrence recollects that Nickelodeon executives informed Hillenburg, "'we could stunt-cast this. You know, we could have Bruce Willis do this voice.' And Steve was just like, 'it's Doug [Lawrence], don't you hear it? This is the character! This is the guy!'"[81] Jill Talley, Tom Kenny's spouse, voices Karen Plankton.[82] Being a Chicago native, she makes use of a Midwestern accent for the character.[83] Electronic sound results are underlaid via the sequence' audio engineers to create a robotic sound when she speaks.[84] Talley and Mr. Lawrence incessantly improvise Plankton and Karen's discussion. Lawrence called improvisation his "favorite part of the voice over" in 2009.[85] He elaborated in a 2012 interview, pronouncing, "I always enjoy the back-and-forth. [Talley and I] start to actually overlap so much talking to each other that [the voice directors] have to tell us, 'hey, stop doing that, separate what you're saying!'"[81]

Carolyn Lawrence voices Sandy Cheeks. She used to be in Los Feliz, Los Angeles, with a pal who knew SpongeBob SquarePants casting director Donna Grillo. Her good friend said to Grillo that Lawrence had "an interesting voice". Grillo invited her to audition and she were given the function.[86][87] American actress Mary Jo Catlett,[88] who is known for her live-action roles on television techniques from the 1970s reminiscent of Diff'rent Strokes and M*A*S*H supplies Mrs. Puff's voice.[83] As of 2017, voicing Mrs. Puff has change into her simplest regular tv position; Catlett described herself as "basically retired" in 2013, since she feels that voicing Mrs. Puff requires less preparation than her performances in individual.[89] Lori Alan voices Pearl Krabs.[90] During her audition for the position, Alan was once shown an early drawing of the characters and famous that Pearl was a lot better than the remainder of the cast. She determined to replicate the character's length in her voice by way of making it deep and whole in tone. She aimed to make it invoke the sound of whales' low vocalizations whilst additionally sounding "spoiled and lovable."[91] In an interview with AfterBuzz TV, Alan stated she knew Pearl "had to sound somewhat like a child," however needed "an abnormally large voice."[92]

In addition to the common forged, episodes function guest voices from many professions, including actors, athletes, authors, musicians, and artists. Recurring guest voices come with: Ernest Borgnine, who voiced Mermaid Man from 1999 till his dying in 2012;[93]Tim Conway as the voice of Barnacle Boy from 1999 till his dying in 2019;[94]Brian Doyle-Murray because the Flying Dutchman;[95] and Marion Ross as Grandma SquarePants.[96] Notable guests who have provided vocal cameo appearances include: David Bowie as Lord Royal Highness in the tv film Atlantis SquarePantis;[97][98]John Goodman as the voice of Santa within the episode "It's a SpongeBob Christmas!"; Johnny Depp because the voice of the surf guru, Jack Kahuna Laguna, in the episode "SpongeBob SquarePants vs. The Big One";[99] and Victoria Beckham because the voice of Queen Amphitrite within the episode "The Clash of Triton".[100][101]

Voice recording periods all the time come with a full solid of actors, which Kenny describes as "getting more unusual".[42] Kenny said, "That's another thing that's given SpongeBob its special feel. Everybody's in the same room, doing it old radio-show style. It's how the stuff we like was recorded".[42] Series author Jay Lender stated, "The recording sessions were always fun ..."[102] For the first 3 seasons, Hillenburg and Drymon sat in the recording studio and directed the actors.[103]Andrea Romano turned into the voice director in the fourth season,[103] and Tom Kenny took over the position throughout the ninth. Wednesday is recording day, the similar agenda followed by the team since 1999.[103] Casting supervisor Jennie Monica Hammond stated, "I loved Wednesdays".[103]

Animation

Approximately 50 other folks work in combination to animate and bring an episode of SpongeBob SquarePants.[67] Throughout its run, the collection' production has been handled domestically at Nickelodeon Animation Studio in Burbank, California. The finished animation has been created out of the country at Rough Draft Studios in South Korea.[58][104] The California team storyboard every episode. These are then used as templates through the workforce in Korea,[58] who animate every scene by way of hand, colour every cel on computer systems, and paint backgrounds. Episodes are completed in California, where they are edited and feature song added.[67]

During the first season, the sequence used cel animation.[60] A shift was once made the next 12 months to digital ink and paint animation.[60] In 2009, executive producer Paul Tibbitt said: "The first season of SpongeBob was done the old-fashioned way on cells [sic], and every cell sic had to be part-painted, left to dry, paint some other colors. It's still a time-consuming aspect of the process now, but the digital way of doing things means it doesn't take long to correct".[60]

In 2008, the staff began the use of Wacom Cintiqs for the drawings as an alternative of pencils. The 5th season episode "Pest of the West", probably the most half-hour specials, was the primary episode where the staff implemented this system. Series' background fashion designer Kenny Pittenger mentioned, "The only real difference between the way we draw now and the way we drew then is that we abandoned pencil and paper during the fifth season".[16] The shift to Wacom Cintiqs let the designers and animators draw on laptop screens and make rapid changes or undo mistakes. Pittenger said, "Many neo-Luddites—er ... I mean, many of my cohorts—don't like working on them, but I find them useful. There's no substitute for the immediacy of drawing on a piece of paper, of course, but digital nautical nonsense is still pretty fun".[16]

Screen Novelties created persona models according to the works of Rankin/Bass for the display's stop-motion episodes.

Since 2004, the SpongeBob crew has periodically collaborated with the LA-based animation studio Screen Novelties to create stop-motion sequences for special episodes. The studio produced a temporary claymation scene for the climax of the first theatrical movie.[105] It used to be re-enlisted in 2009 to create an exclusive opening for the sequence' 10th anniversary special.[106][107] The abominable snow mollusk, an octopus-like creature made of clay who acts because the antagonist of the double-length episode "Frozen Face-Off," was once also animated through the corporate.[108]Animation World Network reported that "within the SpongeBob creative team, there was always talk of doing a more involved project together" with Screen Novelties.[108] As a end result, the group was once requested to create an episode animated solely in give up movement in 2011. This challenge changed into "It's a SpongeBob Christmas!”,[109] which reimagined the show's characters as if they were part of a Rankin/Bass holiday film.[110] Tom Kenny, who is normally uninvolved in the writing process, contributed to the episode's plot; he said in 2012 that he and Nickelodeon "wanted to do one thing identical to the ones old school, stop-motion Rankin-Bass vacation specials ... which I watched over and over when I was a child growing up in Syracuse."[105] Unconventional fabrics similar to baking soda, glitter, wooden chips and breakfast cereal have been utilized in mass amounts to create the particular's sets.[111] Members of the Screen Novelties workforce received one win and two nominations on the thirtieth Annie Awards,[112] a nomination on the 2013 Golden Reel Awards,[113] and a nomination at the 2013 Annecy International Animated Film Festival for animating the episode.[114] The crew constructed a dolphin puppet named Bubbles, voiced by way of Matt Berry, for The SpongeBob Movie: Sponge Out of Water.[115] Sequences involving Bubbles incorporated a blend of quit movement and conventional animation. A 2d special animated in quit motion, themed round Halloween and the usage of the similar Rankin/Bass-inspired personality fashions, was produced for season 11.[116][117]

Music [The music has long gone] from most commonly sea shanties and Hawaiian tune à l. a. Roy Smeck meets Pee-wee Herman—nonetheless the main genre for the show—within the early episodes, but it surely now contains movie noir, West Side Story to [Henry] Mancini, Jerry Goldsmith and [Steven] Spielberg. There's Broadway-type ratings and plain previous goofy, crazy, weird stuff. I try to push the envelope in this display without getting in the best way of the tale, and I try to push it up and way excessive when I will be able to get away with it, all the time keeping it as funny and ridiculous as possible.

—Music editor Nicolas Carr[118]

Mark Harrison and Blaise Smith composed the SpongeBob SquarePants theme song.[119] Its lyrics were written through Stephen Hillenburg and the series' unique creative director Derek Drymon. The melody was encouraged by way of the sea shanty "Blow the Man Down".[36] An old oil painting of a pirate is used in the opening collection. Dubbed "Painty the Pirate", in keeping with Tom Kenny, Hillenburg discovered it in a thrift shop "years ago".[44]Patrick Pinney voices Painty the Pirate, singing the theme song as the nature.[36] Hillenburg's lips have been imposed onto the painting and move along with the lyrics.[44] Kenny joked this is "about as close of a glimpse as most SpongeBob fans are ever going to get of Steve Hillenburg", as a result of his personal nature.[36]

A cover of the song by Avril Lavigne can be discovered on the SpongeBob SquarePants Movie soundtrack.[120][121] Another duvet through the Violent Femmes aired on Nickelodeon as a promotion when the collection moved to top time.[122]

Steve Belfer, one of Hillenburg's pals from CalArts, wrote and performed the tune heard over the tip credits.[41] This theme comprises ukulele track at Hillenburg's request.[41] Drymon mentioned, "It's so long ago, it's hard to be sure, but I remember Hillenburg having the Belfer music early on, maybe before the pilot".[41]

The sequence' song editor and primary composer is Nicolas Carr.[118] After running with Hillenburg on Rocko's Modern Life, he struggled to discover a new job in his box. He had considered a career change sooner than Hillenburg presented him the task. The first season's score basically featured alternatives from the Associated Production Music Library, which Carr has stated contains "lots of great old corny Hawaiian music and big, full, dramatic orchestral scores."[118]Rocko's Modern Life also used music from this library. It was once Hillenburg's determination to undertake this approach. Carr has described the choices for SpongeBob SquarePants as being "more over-the-top" than the ones for Rocko's Modern Life.[118]

Hillenburg felt it was once essential for the collection to broaden its personal tune library, consisting of rankings which may be reused and re-edited during the years. He sought after those ratings to be composed by means of unknowns, and a group of twelve was once assembled. They shaped "The Sponge Divers Orchestra", which incorporates Carr and Belfer. The group went on to supply lots of the tune for later seasons, despite the fact that Carr nonetheless attracts from the Associated Production Music Library, in addition to another library that he founded himself—Animation Music Inc.[118]

Broadcast

Episodes Main article: List of SpongeBob SquarePants episodes SeasonEpisodesSegmentsOriginally airedFirst airedLast aired12041May 1, 1999March 3, 200122039October 26, 2000July 26, 200332037October 5, 2001October 11, 200442038May 6, 2005July 24, 200752041February 19, 2007July 19, 200962647March 3, 2008July 5, 201072650July 19, 2009June 11, 201182647March 26, 2011December 6, 201292649July 21, 2012February 20, 2017101122October 15, 2016December 2, 2017112650June 24, 2017November 25, 20181226[123]TBANovember 11, 2018TBA1313[124]TBAOctober 22, 2020[125]TBATenth anniversary Ten years. I never imagined operating at the show to this date and this long...I really figured we may get a season and a cult following, and that could be it.

—Stephen Hillenburg[126]

Nickelodeon started celebrating the collection' 10th anniversary on January 18, 2009, with a reside solid reading of the episode "SpongeBob vs. The Big One". The reading—a primary for the collection—was once held at that yr's Sundance Film Festival.[127][128] The episode, which premiered on TV on April 17, 2009, options Johnny Depp as a visitor big name.[129] Other celebratory actions taken via the community included the launching of a brand new website online for the sequence (spongebob.com) and the introduction of recent merchandise. A "SpongeBob and water conservation-themed element" was additionally added to Nickelodeon's pro-social campaign The Big Green Help.[127] In an interview, Tom Kenny mentioned, "What I'm most proud of is that kids still really like [SpongeBob SquarePants] and care about it ... They eagerly await new episodes. People who were young children when it started 10 years ago are still watching it and digging it and think it's funny. That's the loving cup for me."[130]

Three nights sooner than the respectable anniversary date, an hour-long documentary at the series, Square Roots: The Story of SpongeBob SquarePants, premiered on VH1.[126][127][128][130][131] Critically acclaimed duo Patrick Creadon and Christine O'Malley created the film as a followup to I.O.U.S.A.—a documentary on America's monetary situation. Creadon remarked, "After spending two years examining the financial health of the United States, Christine and I were ready to tackle something a little more upbeat. Telling the SpongeBob story feels like the perfect fit."[127] On Friday, July 17, Nickelodeon marked the respectable anniversary of the sequence, with a 50-hour tv marathon titled "The Ultimate SpongeBob SpongeBash Weekend". It started with a brand new episode, "To SquarePants or Not to SquarePants". Saturday saw a countdown of the top ten episodes as picked by lovers, as well as an airing of The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie. The marathon completed on Sunday, with a countdown of episodes picked by means of celebrities and the premiere of ten new episodes.[127][132][133]

Nickelodeon persisted celebrating the anniversary thru the rest of the year. An eight-episode DVD set featuring To SquarePants or Not to SquarePants used to be released in a while after the marathon on July 21.[134][135] Next a 2,200 minute, 14-disc DVD set titled The First 100 Episodes used to be launched on September 22.[135][136][137] Finally, on November 6, an hour-long tv movie, titled Truth or Square, debuted on Nickelodeon. The movie is narrated via Ricky Gervais and features stay action cameo appearances by way of: Rosario Dawson, Craig Ferguson, Will Ferrell, Tina Fey, LeBron James, P!nk, Triumph the Insult Comic Dog, and Robin Williams.[138][139][140] It was released as part of a five-episode DVD set on November 10, 2009.[141]

Twentieth anniversary

On February 11, 2019, Nickelodeon announced it might recognize the 20 th anniversary of SpongeBob SquarePants with a series of celebrations known as the "Best Year Ever".[142][143] In honor of the anniversary, Pantone created color sunglasses referred to as "SpongeBob SquarePants Yellow" and "Patrick Star Pink" to be used through Nickelodeon's licensing companions.[144][145][146]Romero Britto, Jon Burgerman, and the Filipino artwork collective Secret Fresh have been commissioned by means of Nickelodeon to create art items dedicated to SpongeBob SquarePants. Some of those items were to be tailored into commercial products.[144][145] On February 12, at the side of Nickelodeon's announcement of the "Best Year Ever", Cynthia Rowley introduced a SpongeBob SquarePants-themed wetsuit throughout New York Fashion Week.[147][148][149] A month later, Marlou Breuls presented the SpongeBob SquarePants-themed "Icon Collection" during Amsterdam Fashion Week.[150][151] That summer time, Nike, in collaboration with Kyrie Irving, released a SpongeBob SquarePants series of shoes, accessories, and attire.[152] In July, for the primary time ever, SpongeBob SquarePants turned into the theme of a cosmetics line, which was once launched as a limited time offering through HipDot Studios.[147][153][154] The "Best Year Ever" also introduced an official SpongeBob SquarePants YouTube channel and a new mobile sport according to the series, along side new toy lines.[146][147]

The "Best Year Ever" formally began on July 12, 2019, with the premiere of the one-hour, live-action/animated TV special SpongeBob's Big Birthday Blowout.[142][143][155] It continued that month at San Diego Comic Con, with two panels, a sales space, and quite a lot of activities dedicated to the sequence.[146][156] The "Best Year Ever" used to be known on Amazon Prime Day with an unique early release of SpongeBob SquarePants: The Best 200 Episodes Ever!, a 30-disc DVD compilation of 2 field units, SpongeBob SquarePants: The First 100 Episodes and SpongeBob SquarePants: The Next 100 Episodes. The collections won a regular national release on August 27.[157] The "Best Year Ever" endured into 2020 culminating with the August 14 unencumber of The SpongeBob Movie: Sponge at the Run.[142][143][158]

Reception

Ratings and run-length achievements

Within its first month on air, SpongeBob SquarePants overtook Pokémon because the perfect rated Saturday-morning children's collection on tv. It held a mean nationwide Nielsen ranking of four.9 amongst kids elderly two via eleven, denoting 1.Nine million viewers.[159][160] Two years later, the series had firmly established itself as Nickelodeon's 2nd highest-rated youngsters's program, after Rugrats. SpongeBob SquarePants used to be credited with helping Nickelodeon take the "Saturday-morning ratings crown" for the fourth instantly season in 2001.[161] The collection had won a vital adult target market via that time—nearly 40 p.c of its 2.2 million viewers had been elderly 18 to 34.[162] In reaction to its weekend luck, Nickelodeon gave SpongeBob SquarePants time slots at 6:00 PM and 8:00 PM, Monday through Thursday, to increase the sequence' exposure.[162][163] By the tip of 2001 SpongeBob SquarePants boasted the best possible ratings for any children's sequence, on all of tv.[164][165][166] Weekly viewership of the collection had reached around fifteen million, at least 5 million of whom had been adults.[164]

In October 2002, any other Nickelodeon collection, The Fairly OddParents, ranked as the number two program for kids between two and 11 years old.[167] Its rankings at that time have been almost equal to SpongeBob SquarePants' then-average of 2.2 million audience in keeping with episode.[167]The Fairly OddParents even briefly surpassed SpongeBob SquarePants, causing it to drop into second place. At this time, The Fairly OddParents had a 6.2 ranking and nearly 2.5 million youngster viewers, whilst SpongeBob SquarePants had a 6.Zero score and a couple of.Four million child viewers aged two to 11.[168] Nickelodeon "recognized" The Fairly OddParents for its mountain climbing rankings and installed it in a new 8:00 PM time slot, previously occupied via SpongeBob SquarePants.[167] In an interview, Cyma Zarghami, then-general manager and executive vice president of Nickelodeon, mentioned, "Are we banking on the fact that Fairly OddParents will be the next SpongeBob? ... We are hoping. But SpongeBob is so unique, it's hard to say if it will ever be repeated."[167]

In 2012, then again, the sequence' ratings had been declining.[169][170] The average choice of viewers aged two to eleven observing SpongeBob at any given time dropped 29% in the first quarter from a yr previous, according to Nielsen. Wall Street Journal business writer John Jannarone instructed the sequence' age and oversaturation might be contributing to its rankings' decline and may also be without delay liable for the decline in Nickelodeon's overall scores.[171] Media analyst Todd Juenger attributed the decline in Nickelodeon's ratings without delay to the supply of streaming video content on products and services like Netflix, a supplier of on-demand Internet streaming media.[172]

Philippe Dauman, the president and CEO of Viacom, contradicted that perception, announcing: "We are getting nice revenues through these subscription VOD deals", including Netflix most effective has "some library content" on its carrier.[173][174] A Nickelodeon spokesman said SpongeBob is performing consistently well and stays the #1 rated animated sequence in all of children's television.[171] He added, "There is nothing that we have seen that points to SpongeBob as a problem."[171] Dauman blamed the drop on "some ratings systemic issues" at Nielsen, bringing up extensive set-top-box information that "does in no way reflect" the Nielsen data.[175]

Juenger famous SpongeBob may just have an effect on the rankings of alternative Nickelodeon programming because youngsters frequently trade channels to search out their favorite methods, then stay tuned to that community.[171] Nickelodeon decreased its publicity on tv. In the first quarter of 2012, the community scale back at the collection of episodes it aired through 16% in comparison to a year previous.[171]

On April 22, 2013, Netflix CEO Reed Hastings announced their intentions not to renew their present take care of Viacom.[176] Viacom's deal with Netflix expired, and shows comparable to SpongeBob and Dora the Explorer were got rid of.[177] However, seasons five through 8 of SpongeBob are still available to stream on Netflix in Canada.[178] On June 4, 2013, Viacom announced a multi-year licensing settlement which would transfer its systems, reminiscent of SpongeBob and Dora the Explorer, to Amazon.com, Netflix's height competitor.[179][180] Amazon agreed to pay more than $Two hundred million to Viacom for the license, its biggest subscription streaming transaction ever.[181][182]

SpongeBob SquarePants is without doubt one of the longest-running sequence on Nickelodeon.[183] It become the community's sequence with essentially the most episodes all over its 8th season, surpassing the 172 episodes of Rugrats.[184] In the 9th season, its 26 episodes brought the choice of episodes produced to 204.[185][186][187] In a observation, Brown Johnson, Nickelodeon's animation president said, "SpongeBob's success in reaching over 200 episodes is a testament to creator Stephen Hillenburg's vision, comedic sensibility and his dynamic, lovable characters. The series now joins the club of contemporary classic Nicktoons that have hit this benchmark, so we're incredibly proud."[188][189]

Critical reception

SpongeBob SquarePants has received common important acclaim, being praised for its attraction to other age teams, and the show has earned a lot of awards and accolades all the way through its run. James Poniewozik of Time magazine described the title character as "the anti-Bart Simpson, temperamentally and physically: his head is as squared-off and neat as Bart's is unruly, and he has a personality to match—conscientious, optimistic and blind to the faults in the world and those around him."[190] According to Laura Fries of Variety mag, the collection is "a thoughtful and inventive cartoon about a hopelessly optimistic and resilient sea sponge ... Devoid of the double entendres rife in today's animated TV shows, this is purely kid's stuff. ... However, that's not to say that SpongeBob is simplistic or even juvenile. It's charming and whimsical, but clever enough to appeal to teens and college-aged kids, as well."[191]The New York Times' critic Joyce Millman stated SpongeBob "is clever without being impenetrable to young viewers and goofy without boring grown-ups to tears. It's the most charming toon on television, and one of the weirdest. And it's also good, clean fun, which makes sense because it is, after all, about a sponge." Millman wrote, "His relentless good cheer would be irritating if he weren't so darned lovable and his world so excellently strange. ... Like Pee-wee's Playhouse, SpongeBob joyfully dances on the fine line between childhood and adulthood, guilelessness and camp, the warped and the sweet."[192]

Robert Thompson, a professor of communications and director of the Center for the Study of Popular Television at Syracuse University, advised The New York Times

There is one thing kind of unique about [SpongeBob]. It appears to be a refreshing breath from the pre-irony technology. There's no sense of the elbow-in-rib, tongue-in-cheek aesthetic that so permeates the rest of American tradition—together with youngsters' presentations just like the Rugrats. I feel what's subversive about it's it is so extremely naive—deliberately. Because there is not anything in it that's seeking to be hip or cool or anything else, hipness can also be grafted onto it.[193]

In every other interview with Los Angeles Times, he commentated on the display's grownup audience: "[On one hand] It's a kind of time machine that transports parents back to when they watched TV in their footie [pajamas]. On the other hand, it's very hip in the way it's presented. It is very edgy to adults who know how to read and listen between the frames."[194] Television critics Alan Sepinwall and Matt Zoller Seitz ranked SpongeBob SquarePants because the twenty second largest American TV series of all time in their 2016 e book TV (The Book).[195] In a 2007 interview, Barack Obama mentioned SpongeBob is his favorite TV persona and admitted that SpongeBob SquarePants is "the show I watch with my daughters."[196][197][198]

Awards and accolades Main article: List of awards and nominations gained by way of SpongeBob SquarePants

SpongeBob SquarePants has won many awards and nominations; among these are four Emmy Awards (Outstanding Special Class Animated Program in 2010;[199] Outstanding Sound Editing – Animation" in 2014;[200] Outstanding Children's Animated Series in 2018; and Outstanding Performer in an Animated Program in 2018 for Kenny);[201] six Annie Awards;[202][203][204][205][206] and two BAFTA Children's Awards.[207][208] In 2006, IGN ranked SpongeBob SquarePants 15th on its list, Top 25 Animated Series of All Time,[209] and in 2013, it ranked the series 12th on its list, The Top 25 Animated Series for Adults.[210] In addition, the website's UK division ran a Top 100 Animated Series list, and like its US counterpart, ranked SpongeBob SquarePants 15th.[211]

TV Guide listed SpongeBob SquarePants himself at number nine on its list 50 Greatest Cartoon Characters of All Time in 2002.[212] In June 2010, Entertainment Weekly named SpongeBob one of the 100 Greatest Characters of the Last 20 Years.[213] Viewers of UK television network Channel 4 voted SpongeBob SquarePants the 28th Greatest Cartoon in a 2004 poll.[214][215] The series is among the All-TIME 100 TV Shows as chosen by Time television critic James Poniewozik in 2007. He said, "It's essentially the most humorous, surreal, ingenious instance of the explosion in inventive youngsters' (and grownup) leisure that Nick, Cartoon Network and their ilk made conceivable."[216] In 2013, the publication ranked SpongeBob SquarePants the eighth Greatest TV Cartoon of All Time.[217] Television critic Matt Zoller Seitz included the series in his 2016 book with Alan Sepinwall titled TV (The Book) as the 22nd greatest American television series of all time, saying that "SpongeBob SquarePants is an absurdist masterpiece that Salvador Dalí and Groucho Marx would have watched in combination of their smoking jackets".[218][219]

Legacy SpongeBob balloon on the Hot air balloon pageant in León, Guanajuato, Mexico in November 2010 SpongeBob SquarePants wax statue, in National Wax Museum Plus, in Dublin, Ireland

In July 2009, Madame Tussauds wax museum in New York introduced a wax sculpture of SpongeBob in birthday party of the sequence' tenth anniversary. SpongeBob became the first animated personality sculpted totally out of wax.[220][221][222][223] In May 2011, a new species of mushroom, Spongiforma squarepantsii, was described and named after the sequence' title persona.[224]

The character has additionally change into a pattern in Egypt at Cairo's Tahrir Square.[225] After the Egyptian Revolution of 2011, SpongeBob turned into a manner phenomenon, showing on quite a lot of products pieces from hijabs to boxer shorts.[226][227] The phenomenon resulted in the creation of the Tumblr venture referred to as "SpongeBob on the Nile". The mission used to be based through American scholars Andrew Leber and Elisabeth Jaquette and attempts to record each appearance of SpongeBob in Egypt.[228] Sherief Elkeshta cited the phenomenon in an essay concerning the incoherent state of politics in Egypt in an unbiased per thirty days paper titled Midan Masr. He wrote, "Why isn't he [SpongeBob] at least holding a Molotov cocktail? Or raising a fist?"[229] The phenomenon has even unfold to Libya, the place a Libyan rise up in SpongeBob get dressed was photographed celebrating the revolution.[230] Although The Guardian and Vice have asserted that the craze has little to no political significance,[225][226] "joke" presidential campaigns had been undertaken for SpongeBob in Egypt and Syria.[226][228]

A clip was once posted to YouTube in February 2013 that features squaddies within the Russian army and army making a song the SpongeBob SquarePants theme song as they march.[231][232] According to the web site that uploaded the video, this is without doubt one of the "most popular marching songs" in the Russian army.[231] The video garnered just about 50,000 perspectives within its first week.[232]

Following Hillenburg's demise in November 2018, more than 1.2 million lovers signed a petition for the National Football League to have the tune "Sweet Victory" from the season 2 episode "Band Geeks" carried out in his honor on the Super Bowl LIII halftime display. Atlanta's Mercedes-Benz Stadium's Twitter account, the venue of the display, tweeted a GIF of SpongeBob dancing in "Band Geeks" in December. Maroon 5 who had been appearing on the sport, incorporated a temporary clip of SpongeBob in a preview video, main fans to imagine the tune could be carried out. While the tune's opening used to be in the long run included, it served as a transition into artist Travis Scott's set, which left many fanatics disenchanted.[233][234] In response to lovers' unhappiness at now not listening to the whole "Sweet Victory" song all the way through the halftime show at the Super Bowl LIII, the Dallas Stars of the National Hockey League confirmed a clip of the full "Sweet Victory" song all through a recreation on the American Airlines Center. In the clip, the characters' band uniforms are recolored inexperienced after the Stars.[235][236]

Criticism Controversies

In 2005, a web based video that showed clips from SpongeBob SquarePants and different kids's shows set to the Sister Sledge track "We Are Family" to promote range and tolerance used to be attacked through an evangelical team in the United States. They saw SpongeBob getting used to "advocate homosexuality".[237][238]James Dobson of Focus at the Family accused the video of promoting homosexuality as it used to be backed through a pro-tolerance workforce.[238] The incident brought on the question whether SpongeBob is gay. Although the character has enjoyed reputation with homosexual viewers, series writer Stephen Hillenburg had already denied SpongeBob is homosexual three years earlier, clarifying at the time he regarded as the character to be "somewhat asexual".[239] After Dobson's comments, Hillenburg reasserted his place, stating that sexual desire does now not play an element in what they're "trying to do" with the collection.[240][241] Tom Kenny and other production members have been distraught that the issue had arisen.[44] Dobson later said his comments have been taken out of context and his original proceedings were not with SpongeBob, the video, or any of the characters in the video, however relatively with the group that backed the video, the We Are Family Foundation. Dobson said they posted pro-gay material on their website online, but later removed it.[242] After the controversy, John H. Thomas, the United Church of Christ's general minister and president, mentioned they would welcome SpongeBob into their ministry. He said: "Jesus didn't turn people away. Neither do we."[243]

Queer theorist Jeffery P. Dennis, writer of the journal article "Queertoons", argued that SpongeBob and Sandy are not romantically in love, however added he believed SpongeBob and Patrick "are paired with arguably erotic intensity".[244] Martin Goodman of Animation World Magazine referred to as Dennis' comments relating to SpongeBob and Patrick "interesting".[245][d] Ukrainian website Family Under the Protection of the Holy Virgin, which has been described as a "fringe Catholic" team by means of The Wall Street Journal, criticized SpongeBob SquarePants for its alleged "promotion of homosexuality".[247] The workforce sought to have the series banned, along with several different common kids's properties. The National Expert Commission of Ukraine at the Protection of Public Morality took up the topic for review in August 2012.[247] Questions of SpongeBob's sexuality resurfaced in 2020 after Nickelodeon's authentic Twitter account posted an image of the character, in rainbow colours with text celebrating the LGBTQ+ group and its allies during Pride Month. Although the publish did not make any assertions about SpongeBob's sexual orientation, a lot of users responded on social media, claiming they already had their suspicions that he could be homosexual or reasserting Hillenburg's description of asexuality.[248]

In April 2009, Burger King launched a SpongeBob-themed commercial that includes a parody of Sir Mix-a-Lot's song "Baby Got Back". The Campaign for a Commercial-Free Childhood protested the ad for being sexist and inappropriately sexual, particularly considering SpongeBob's fan base contains small children.[249][250][251][252][253] In reputable statements released via Burger King and Nickelodeon, each firms claimed the marketing campaign was once geared toward parents.[252][253]

"The children who watched the cartoon were operating at half the capacity compared to other children."

—Angeline S. Lillard, University of Virginia[254]

A 2011 find out about performed on the University of Virginia, published in the magazine Pediatrics, instructed that permitting preschool-aged audiences to look at the series caused momentary disruptions in mental serve as and a spotlight span as a result of common shot adjustments, compared to regulate teams observing Caillou and drawing photos.[255][256] A Nickelodeon government answered in an interview the sequence used to be now not meant for an audience of that age and that the study used "questionable methodology and could not possibly provide the basis for any valid findings that parents could trust".[257][258] In 2014, the training minister of Kazakhstan, Zabira Orazalieva, deemed the show too violent for youngsters, labeling the titular persona a "self-absorbed hooligan"[259] who "regularly inflicts violence on others in his community and seems to enjoy what he does".[260][261]

Several of the collection' episodes have also been the topic of controversy. In a file titled "Wolves in Sheep's Clothing", which documents the rise in potentially violent, profane, and sexual content in kids's programming, the Parents Television Council, a watchdog media workforce, claimed the season 2 SpongeBob SquarePants episode "Sailor Mouth" was an implicit attempt to promote and satirize use of profanity among youngsters.[262] "SpongeBob's Last Stand" and "Selling Out" had been criticized for promoting environmentalism and left-wing politics because of their unfavourable portrayal of big business.[263] "SpongeBob, You're Fired", a 2013 season Nine episode, led to fashionable controversy and sparked a political debate over its portrayal of unemployment;[263] after Fox News and the New York Post commented on the episode, Media Matters for America accused the 2 organizations of using the episode to "attack the social safety net".[264] This remark was echoed by means of Al Sharpton, who claimed conservatives' "new hero" to be "a sponge who lives in a pineapple under the sea".[265]

Declining high quality

Various media shops including MSN, The A.V. Club, and Vulture have reported that SpongeBob's popularity declined following the discharge of the 2004 film and Hillenburg's departure as showrunner.[266][267][268] In 2012, MSN cited a publish on Encyclopedia SpongeBobia, a Fandom-hosted wiki, which mentioned that many lovers felt the collection had "jumped the shark" following the release of The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie and that online fansites have been turning into "deserted".[266]

As of 2011, episodes produced because the first film had been variously classified by DVD Talk and DVD Verdict as "tedious",[269] "boring" and "dreck",[270] a "depressing plateau of mediocrity",[271] and "laugh-skimpy".[272] In 2018, Vulture famous the most well liked online memes of the sequence typically all in favour of episodes from the primary three seasons.[268] That identical yr, The A.V. Club wrote that as the collection went on, "[it] leaned hard into kid-friendly physical humor and gross out moments that appealed to no one in particular".[267]

Other media

Further information: List of SpongeBob SquarePants merchandise Spin-offs Kamp Koral: SpongeBob's Under Years Main article: Kamp Koral: SpongeBob's Under Years

On February 14, 2019, it was once announced that a SpongeBob SquarePants spin-off is in building.[143] On June 4, it was once introduced the derivative will likely be titled Kamp Koral. The plot will focal point on a 10-year-old SpongeBob and his friends on the titular camp positioned in the Kelp Forest, the place they spend the summer season catching jellyfish, constructing campfires, and swimming in Lake Yuckymuck.[273][274] It serves as a tie-in to the animated movie The SpongeBob Movie: Sponge on the Run.[274] It was confirmed manufacturing of the collection began in June 2019.[143][273]

Nickelodeon animation head Ramsey Naito stated of the series, "SpongeBob has an incredible universe to expand upon and the greenlight for Kamp Koral is a testament to the strength and longevity of these characters known and loved by generations of fans around the world." Like SpongeBob SquarePants, the sequence will probably be government produced via Vincent Waller and Marc Ceccarelli. Kamp Koral will likely be produced the use of computer animation reasonably than the digital ink and paint animation used for SpongeBob SquarePants.[274]

On February 19, 2020, it was announced that the sequence had an official identify of Kamp Koral: SpongeBob's Under Years, and can be premiering in July 2020.[275] On July 30, 2020, it used to be announced that the collection could be launched on Paramount+ (on the time CBS All Access), the ViacomCBS streaming provider, in early 2021.[276][277] On January 28, 2021, it used to be introduced that the sequence would premiere on March 4, 2021.[278]

The Patrick Star Show Main article: The Patrick Star Show

On August 10, 2020, it used to be reported that a Patrick Star talk show titled The Patrick Star Show was in development with a 13-episode order. The display will likely be very similar to different talk shows akin to The Larry Sanders Show and Comedy Bang! Bang!.[279][280] On March 4, 2021, it was introduced that the collection had formally been green-lit and will premiere on Nickelodeon in summer time 2021, with the collection set to be available on Paramount+ later on.[281][282]

Untitled Netflix spin-off collection and movies

In November 2019, a "music-based" Squidward project was once reported to be in development for Netflix.[283] In early March 2020, ViacomCBS announced that it will be generating two spin-off movies based on the sequence for the streaming service.[284]

Streaming

Originally, the sequence was once streaming on Netflix. However, the sequence used to be removed in 2013 due to their deal with Viacom no longer being renewed.[285] The sequence was also available to stream on Hulu starting in 2012 till the series was removed in 2016.[286] The sequence later streamed on Prime Video in 2013 after the Netflix deal ended.[287] As part of Paramount+'s rebranding plan, the collection joined in conjunction with other ViacomCBS presentations on July 30, 2020.[276][277]

Currently, the first 6 seasons are to be had to be streamed on Prime Video, the primary 8 seasons thru NickHits (by way of Prime Video, Apple TV Channels, and The Roku Channel), and the primary 11 seasons through Paramount+.[288] The collection is available to circulation on Netflix in Canada.[289]

Home video SpongeBob SquarePants DVD releases Season DVD unlock date Region 1 Region 2 Region 4 1 October 28, 2003[290] November 7, 2005[291] November 30, 2006[292] 2 October 19, 2004[293] October 23, 2006[294] November 30, 2006[295] 3 September 27, 2005[296] December 3, 2007[297] November 8, 2007[298] 4 September 12, 2006[299] November 3, 2008[300] November 7, 2008[301]January 9, 2007[302] 5 September 4, 2007[303] November 16, 2009[304] December 3, 2009[305]November 18, 2008[306] 6 December 8, 2009[307] November 29, 2010[308] December 2, 2010[309]December 7, 2010[310] 7 December 6, 2011[311] September 17, 2012[312] September 12, 2012[313][314] 8 March 12, 2013[315] October 28, 2013[316] October 30, 2013[317] 9 October 10, 2017[318] TBA October 7, 2020[319] 10 October 15, 2019[320] TBA October 7, 2020[321] 11 March 31, 2020[322][323] TBA October 7, 2020[324] 12 January 12, 2021[325] TBA TBA 13 TBA TBA TBA Comic books

The 32-page bimonthly comic e book collection, SpongeBob Comics, was announced in November 2010[326] and debuted the following February.[327] Before this, SpongeBob SquarePants comics had been published in Nickelodeon Magazine,[326][328][329] and episodes of the television collection had been adapted by way of Cine-Manga,[326][330] however SpongeBob Comics was once the first American comic ebook sequence devoted solely to SpongeBob SquarePants.[326][328][329] It also served as SpongeBob SquarePants writer Stephen Hillenburg's debut as a comic book guide creator.[327][328][329] The collection was once revealed via Hillenburg's production company, United Plankton Pictures, and disbursed via Bongo Comics Group.[326][328][329] Hillenburg described the stories from the comic books as "original and always true to the humor, characters, and universe of the SpongeBob SquarePants series." Leading as much as the discharge of the collection, Hillenburg said, "I'm hoping that fans will enjoy finally having a SpongeBob comic book from me."[328][329]

Chris Duffy, the former senior editor of Nickelodeon Magazine, serves as managing editor of SpongeBob Comics.[328][329] Hillenburg and Duffy met with various cartoonists—together with James Kochalka, Hilary Barta, Graham Annable, Gregg Schigiel, and Jacob Chabot—to contribute to each problems.[328][329] Retired horror comics writer and artist Stephen R. Bissette returned to jot down a special Halloween factor in 2012, with Tony Millionaire and Al Jaffee.[331] In an interview with Tom Spurgeon, Bissette mentioned, "I've even broken my retirement to do one work-for-hire gig [for SpongeBob Comics] so I could share everything about that kind of current job."[332]

In the United Kingdom, Titan Magazines published comics based on SpongeBob SquarePants every four weeks from February 3, 2005,[333] through November 28, 2013.[334] Titan Magazines also teamed up with Lego to unlock a restricted version SpongeBob-themed comedian.[335]

Films Main article: SpongeBob SquarePants (film sequence)

Paramount Pictures and Nickelodeon Movies produced The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie, an animated movie adaptation of the series released on November 19, 2004.[336] The film used to be directed by way of Hillenburg, and written by long-time collection writers Derek Drymon, Tim Hill, Kent Osborne, Aaron Springer, Paul Tibbitt, and Hillenburg. He and Julia Pistor produced the movie, whilst Gregor Narholz composed the film's score.[337][338][339] The film is ready Plankton's evil plan to steal King Neptune's crown and send it to Shell City. SpongeBob and Patrick will have to retrieve it and save Mr. Krabs' existence from Neptune's raft and their home, Bikini Bottom, from Plankton's plan. It features guest appearances by way of Jeffrey Tambor as King Neptune, Scarlett Johansson because the King's daughter Mindy, Alec Baldwin as Dennis, and David Hasselhoff as himself,[340] and gained a positive crucial reception,[341][342] It grossed over $One hundred forty million international.[343] Three television films had been launched: SpongeBob's Atlantis SquarePants in 2007, SpongeBob's Truth or Square in 2009, and SpongeBob's Big Birthday Blowout in 2019.

A sequel to the 2004 movie, The SpongeBob Movie: Sponge Out of Water, was launched in theaters on February 6, 2015.[344] The series' major solid participants reprised their roles.[345] The underwater parts are animated traditionally within the way of the collection—the live-action portions use CGI animation with the SpongeBob characters.[346][347] The movie has the cheap very similar to the former film and cost less than $A hundred million to provide.[348][349][350]

On April 30, 2015, Viacom introduced a third movie used to be in building.[351] In April 2018, Tim Hill used to be named as director, and the film's authentic name, It's a Wonderful Sponge, was published. Paramount firstly scheduled a liberate date of July 17, 2020, later moving it previous to May 22, 2020.[352] In October 2018, it was once introduced the film will be an origin tale of how SpongeBob got here to Bikini Bottom and the way he were given his square pants. Around the similar time, it was once introduced that Hans Zimmer will compose the tune. The first poster along with a name exchange to Sponge at the Run was once printed on November 12, 2019,[353] with the primary trailer releasing on November 14.[354] The movie used to be later behind schedule to July 31, 2020 (and later August 7, 2020) because of the COVID-19 pandemic.[355][158] The film's international theatrical liberate was later cancelled in June 2020 and it was introduced that it could unlock in Canadian theaters on August 14, 2020, adopted by a free up on PVOD before heading to Paramount+ in early 2021.[356][357] On January 28, 2021, it was once introduced that the film would unencumber on the carrier on March 4, 2021.[278]

Music

Collections of authentic song featured in the sequence had been released at the albums SpongeBob SquarePants: Original Theme Highlights (2001), SpongeBob's Greatest Hits (2009), and The Yellow Album (2005). The first two charted on america Billboard 200, reaching quantity 171 and 122, respectively.[358][359]

Several songs have been recorded for the purpose of a single or album unlock, and have not been featured on the display. The song "My Tidy Whities" written via Tom Kenny and Andy Paley used to be launched most effective at the album The Best Day Ever (2006). Kenny's inspiration for the music was "underwear humor",[360] pronouncing: "Underwear humor is always a surefire laugh-getter with kids ... Just seeing a character that odd wearing really prosaic, normal, Kmart, three-to-a-pack underwear is a funny drawing ... We thought it was funny to make a really lush, beautiful love song to his underwear".[360]

A soundtrack album The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie – Music from the Movie and More..., that includes the movie's ranking used to be released along side the feature-length film in November 2004. Various artists together with the Flaming Lips,[361]Wilco,[362]Ween,[363]Motörhead,[364]the Shins,[365] and Avril Lavigne[366] contributed to the soundtrack that reached number Seventy six on the USA Billboard 200.[367]

Theme park rides Main articles: SpongeBob SquarePants 4-D and SpongeBob SquarePants Rock Bottom Plunge Entrance and raise hill of SpongeBob SquarePants Rock Bottom Plunge journey at the Mall of America

The SpongeBob SquarePants 4-D film and journey opened at several places together with Six Flags Over Texas, Flamingo Land Resort, and the Shedd Aquarium.[368] The trip features water squirts, real bubbles, and different sensory improvements. In 2012, Nickelodeon teamed up again with SimEx-Iwerks Entertainment and Super Seventy eight to provide SpongeBob SquarePants 4-D: The Great Jelly Rescue.[369] The enchantment opened in early 2013 on the Mystic Aquarium & Institute for Exploration.[370] It was once additionally installed on the Nickelodeon Suites Resort Orlando in Orlando, Florida.[371][372][373] The seven-minute film follows SpongeBob, Patrick, and Sandy up to their old hijinks, while rescuing the jellyfish of Jellyfish Fields from Plankton's evil clutches.[370]

SpongeBob SquarePants seems at the Mall of America's Nickelodeon theme park re-branded from the Mall of America's Park at MOA, previously Camp Snoopy, to Nickelodeon Universe in the Minneapolis-St. Paul suburb of Bloomington, Minnesota. The new theme park includes a SpongeBob-themed Gerstlauer Euro-Fighter custom curler coaster. The SpongeBob SquarePants Rock Bottom Plunge, which opened March 15, 2008, has replaced the Mystery Mine Ride and Olde Time Photo retailer at the west end of the theme park.[374][375]

On May 23, 2015, an interactive three-D display titled SpongeBob SubPants Adventure opened in Texas at Moody Gardens. According to Moody Gardens President and CEO John Zendt, "Visitors will be able to interact with the Nickelodeon characters on a digital stage as they have never been able to do before."[376]

Video games Main article: SpongeBob SquarePants video games

Numerous video video games in accordance with the collection were produced. Some of the early video games include: Legend of the Lost Spatula (2001)[377] and SpongeBob SquarePants: Battle for Bikini Bottom (2003). In 2013, Nickelodeon revealed and disbursed SpongeBob Moves In!, a freemium city-building game app evolved by means of Kung Fu Factory for iOS and Android.[378][379][380][381] On June 5, 2019, THQ Nordic introduced SpongeBob SquarePants: Battle for Bikini Bottom – Rehydrated, a full remake of the console variations of the original 2003 game.[382][383][384] The sport was released 1 12 months in a while June 23, 2020[385][386] and contains cut content material from the unique recreation.[387] In 2021, EA Sports offered a SpongeBob-themed stage to the Yard segment of its Madden NFL 21 online game.[388]

SpongeBob SquareShorts

Nickelodeon launched the primary global SpongeBob SquarePants-themed brief movie pageant, SpongeBob SquareShorts: Original Fan Tributes, in 2013.[389][390] The contest inspired fans and filmmakers world wide to create original brief motion pictures inspired by SpongeBob for a possibility to win a prize and a go back and forth for 4 other folks to a screening match in Hollywood. The contest opened on May 6 and ran through June 28, 2013.[391][392] On July 19, 2013, Nickelodeon introduced the contest's finalists.[393][394][395] On August 13, 2013, the beneath 18 years of age category used to be won through David of the United States for his The Krabby Commercial, while the Finally Home brief through Nicole of South Africa won the 18 and over category.[396]

Theater Main article: SpongeBob SquarePants (musical)

SpongeBob SquarePants was once tailored as a stage musical in 2016 through director Tina Landau. SpongeBob SquarePants, The Broadway Musical premiered in Chicago in 2016 and opened on Broadway on the Palace Theatre on December 4, 2017.[397] The musical opened to crucial acclaim,[398] and tied for most-nominated production at the 2018 72nd Tony Awards with twelve Tony nominations.[399]

Merchandise

A suite of SpongeBob SquarePants figures modeled after the principle characters Further data: List of SpongeBob SquarePants merchandise

The approval for SpongeBob SquarePants encouraged products from T-shirts to posters.[73] It was reported that the franchise generated an estimated billion in vending earnings for Nickelodeon.[400] It may be the most allotted belongings of ViacomCBS Domestic Media Networks.[363]SpongeBob is considered in 170 countries speaking 24 languages, and has grow to be "a killer merchandising app".[401] The title persona and his buddies have been used as a theme for special editions of well-known circle of relatives board video games, including Monopoly,[402]Life,[403] and Operation,[404] as well as a SpongeBob SquarePants version of Ants in the Pants,[405] and Yahtzee.[406]

In 2001, Nickelodeon signed a advertising and marketing deal with Target Corporation and Burger King, increasing its vending.[162] The acclaim for SpongeBob has translated smartly into gross sales. In 2002, SpongeBob SquarePants dolls offered at a charge of 75,000 a week—sooner than Tickle Me Elmo dolls had been promoting on the time.[407] SpongeBob has won reputation in Japan, particularly with Japanese ladies. Nickelodeon's guardian corporate Viacom purposefully focused marketing at girls there. Skeptics to begin with doubted that SpongeBob could be fashionable in Japan, as the nature's design may be very different from already popular designs for Hello Kitty and Pikachu.[408] Ratings and products sales showed SpongeBob SquarePants has caught on with parents and with university audiences.[12] In a 2013 promotion, college-oriented web site Music.com gave away 80,000 SpongeBob T-shirts, 4 times more than throughout a an identical promotion for Comedy Central's South Park.[12]

Kids' meal tie-ins had been released in speedy meals eating places in lots of parts of the arena, together with Burger King in Europe and North America, in addition to Wendy's in North America, and Hungry Jack's in Australia. A McDonald's Happy Meal tie-in with SpongeBob-themed Happy Meal packing containers and toys used to be released in Europe and other global markets in the summertime of 2007.[409] In Australia, the advertisement for the McDonald's SpongeBob Happy Meal won the Pester Power Award because the commercials enticed small children to wish its food because of the loose toy.[410] As a tie-in beverage for the DVD unlock of The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie, 7-Eleven launched the restricted edition Under-the-Sea Pineapple Slurpee in March 2004.[411]Pirate's Booty launched limited version SpongeBob SquarePants Pirate's Booty snacks in 2013.[412][413]

In 2007, high-end SpongeBob-themed electronics were presented through Imation Electronics Products beneath the Npower logo, together with MP3 players, virtual cameras, a DVD player, and a flatscreen tv.[414] Pictures of SpongeBob SquarePants began appearing on the labels of Eight ounce cans of Green Giant minimize green beans and applications of frozen Green Giant inexperienced beans and butter sauce in 2007, which featured loose stickers. This was once part of an initiative to inspire children to eat their vegetables.[415] The Simmons Jewelry Co. launched a ,000 diamond pendant as a part of a SpongeBob assortment.[222][416] In New Zealand, the UK-based Beechdean Group unveiled the SpongeBob SquarePants Vanilla Ice Cream character product as part of a license deal with Nickelodeon.[417] NZ Drinks launched the SpongeBob SquarePants bottled water.[418]

Build-A-Bear Workshop offered the brand new SpongeBob SquarePants assortment in shops and online in North America on May 17, 2013.[419][420][421] Shoppers can dress their SpongeBob and Patrick plush in a lot of clothes and accessories. Sandy Cheeks and Gary the Snail are also available as pre-stuffed minis.[422] Build-A-Bear Workshop stores nationwide celebrated the coming of SpongeBob with a series of particular events from May 17 through May 19.[423]

On July 13, 2013, Toyota, with Nickelodeon, unveiled a SpongeBob-inspired Toyota Highlander.[424] The 2014 Toyota Highlander used to be launched on SpongeBob Day on the San Diego Padres v. Giants game.[425][426][427] The SpongeBob Toyota Highlander visited seven U.S. locations all over its unencumber, including the Nickelodeon Suites Resort Orlando in Florida.[428]

In April 2019, Nickelodeon launched a sequence of toys adapted from quite a lot of SpongeBob Internet memes. These incorporated "Handsome Squidward", "Imaginaaation SpongeBob", "Mocking SpongeBob", "SpongeGar", and "Surprised Patrick". Shortly after the discharge of the road, many of the toys sold out on Amazon.com.[429][430]

Footnotes

^ Animation for the sequence is outsourced from Korean animation studio Rough Draft Studios.[3][4] ^ Episode 175, "It's a SpongeBob Christmas!", was once first broadcast on CBS.[5] ^ In 2015, Tom Kenny showed the fictional metropolis is named after Bikini Atoll. He denied an Internet fan theory, however, that hooked up the collection' characters to nuclear testing that passed off at the atoll.[14] ^ Jeffery's feedback were additionally revealed via the Journal of Popular Film & Television in an article called "The Same Thing We Do Every Night: Signifying Same-Sex Desire in Television Cartoons".[246] This is the thing that is referred to through Goodman.

References

^ .mw-parser-output cite.quotationfont-style:inherit.mw-parser-output .quotation qquotes:"\"""\"""'""'".mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free abackground:linear-gradient(clear,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg")appropriate 0.1em middle/9px no-repeat.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .quotation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .quotation .cs1-lock-registration abackground:linear-gradient(clear,clear),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .quotation .cs1-lock-subscription abackground:linear-gradient(transparent,clear),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg")appropriate 0.1em heart/9px no-repeat.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registrationcolor:#555.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration spanborder-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:assist.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon abackground:linear-gradient(clear,clear),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg")right 0.1em heart/12px no-repeat.mw-parser-output code.cs1-codecolour:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-errorshow:none;font-size:100%.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-errorfont-size:100%.mw-parser-output .cs1-maintdisplay:none;colour:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em.mw-parser-output .cs1-formatfont-size:95%.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-leftpadding-left:0.2em.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-rightpadding-right:0.2em.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflinkfont-weight:inheritMeet the Creator: Stephen Hillenburg (Video). 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External hyperlinks

Quotations associated with SpongeBob SquarePants at Wikiquote Media related to SpongeBob SquarePants at Wikimedia Commons Official site SpongeBob SquarePants at IMDb SpongeBob SquarePants at TV.com SpongeBob SquarePants at Curlie SpongeBob SquarePants at the Big Cartoon DataBase SpongeBob SquarePants at Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived from the original on August 8, 2017.vteSpongeBob SquarePants Kamp Koral: SpongeBob's Under Years (2021–provide) The Patrick Star Show (upcoming in 2021)Characters SpongeBob SquarePants Patrick Star Squidward Tentacles Mr. Krabs Plankton and Karen Sandy Cheeks Mrs. Puff Pearl Krabs Mermaid Man and Barnacle BoyProduction Stephen Hillenburg Cast individuals Guest starsSeasons 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Legends of Bikini Bottom 8 SpongeBob's Runaway Roadtrip 9 10 11 12 13EpisodesSeasons 1–3 "Help Wanted" "Pizza Delivery" "Rock Bottom" "Christmas Who?" "Shanghaied" "Band Geeks" "Graveyard Shift" "Sailor Mouth" "Krusty Krab Training Video" "Chocolate with Nuts" "The Sponge Who Could Fly"Seasons 4–6 "Have You Seen This Snail?" "Dunces and Dragons" "Best Day Ever" "Friend or Foe" "Atlantis SquarePantis" "Pest of the West" "What Ever Happened to SpongeBob?" "SpongeBob SquarePants vs. The Big One" "To SquarePants or Not to SquarePants" "Truth or Square" "The Clash of Triton"Seasons 7–9 "SpongeBob's Last Stand" "The Great Patty Caper" "It's a SpongeBob Christmas!" "Extreme Spots" "SpongeBob, You're Fired" "Goodbye, Krabby Patty?"Seasons 10–12 "The Legend of Boo-Kini Bottom" "Squid Noir" "SpongeBob's Big Birthday Blowout"Other mediaFilms The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie The SpongeBob Movie: Sponge Out of Water The SpongeBob Movie: Sponge at the RunVideo games Legend of the Lost Spatula Operation Krabby Patty SuperSponge Employee of the Month Revenge of the Flying Dutchman Battle for Bikini Bottom Rehydrated The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie Lights, Camera, Pants! The Yellow Avenger Creature from the Krusty Krab Atlantis SquarePantis Underpants Slam SpongeBob SquarePants featuring Nicktoons: Globs of Doom Drawn to Life: SpongeBob SquarePants Edition The Big One: Beach Party Cook-Off Truth or Square (video game) Truth or Square (arcade sport) Boating Bash SpongeBob SquigglePants SpongeBob's Surf & Skate Roadtrip SpongeBob Moves In! Plankton's Robotic Revenge SpongeBob HeroPants Nicktoons Racing Nickelodeon Party Blast Nicktoons: Freeze Frame Frenzy Nicktoons Winners Cup Racing Nicktoons Nitro Nicktoons MLB Nickelodeon Kart Racers Nickelodeon Kart Racers 2: Grand PrixAlbums SpongeBob SquarePants: Original Theme Highlights The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie – Music from the Movie and More... The Yellow Album The Best Day Ever SpongeBob's Greatest Hits It's a SpongeBob Christmas! Album Music from The SpongeBob Movie: Sponge Out of Water SpongeBob SquarePants: The New Musical (Original Cast Recording)Other works Merchandise SpongeBob SquarePants Trading Card Game SpongeBob Comics SpongeBob SquarePants (musical)Attractions Jimmy Neutron's Nicktoon Blast (cameo) Sandy's Blasting Bronco SpongeBob SquarePants 4-D SpongeBob SquarePants Rock Bottom Plunge SpongeBob SquarePants 4D: The Great Jelly Rescue Universal's Superstar ParadeMiscellaneous Krusty Krab Krabby Patty Square Roots: The Story of SpongeBob SquarePants Spongiforma squarepantsii 2015 SpongeBob SquarePants 400Related Awards and nominations "I'm Ready" "Squidward Nose" "Agua" Book Category Awards for SpongeBob SquarePants vteAnnie Award for Best Animated Television Production The Simpsons (1992 - 1997) The Simpsons / The New Batman/Superman Adventures (1998) The Simpsons (1999) The Simpsons / Mickey Mouse Works (2000) The Simpsons / Batman Beyond (2001) The Simpsons (2002 - 2003) SpongeBob SquarePants (2004) Star Wars: Clone Wars (2005) Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends (2006) Creature Comforts / El Tigre: The Adventures of Manny Rivera (2007) Robot Chicken / Avatar: The Last Airbender (2008) Prep & Landing / The Penguins of Madagascar (2009) Futurama / SpongeBob SquarePants (2010) The Simpsons / The Amazing World of Gumball (2011) Robot Chicken / DreamWorks Dragons / Bubble Guppies (2012) Futurama / Adventure Time / Sofia the First (2013) The Simpsons / Gravity Falls / Tumble Leaf (2014) The Simpsons / Wander Over Yonder / Tumble Leaf (2015) Bob's Burgers / Adventure Time / Tumble Leaf (2016) Rick and Morty / We Bare Bears / The Octonauts (2017) BoJack Horseman / Hilda / Ask the StoryBots (2018) BoJack Horseman / Mickey Mouse / Ask the StoryBots (2019) vteDaytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Children's Animated Program Muppet Babies (1985) Muppet Babies (1986) Muppet Babies (1987) Muppet Babies (1988) The New Adventures of Winnie the Pooh (1989) Beetlejuice / The New Adventures of Winnie the Pooh (1990) Tiny Toon Adventures (1991) Rugrats (1992) Tiny Toon Adventures (1993) Rugrats (1994) Where on Earth Is Carmen Sandiego? (1995) Animaniacs (1996) Animaniacs (1997) Arthur (1998) Arthur (1999) Pinky, Elmyra & the Brain (2000) Arthur (2001) Madeline (2002) Rugrats (2003) Little Bill (2004) Peep and the Big Wide World (2005) Jakers! The Adventures of Piggley Winks (2006) Arthur (2007) Curious George (2008) PhraseWorld (2009) Curious George (2010) The Penguins of Madagascar (2011) The Penguins of Madagascar (2012) Kung Fu Panda: Legends of Awesomeness (2013) Kung Fu Panda: Legends of Awesomeness (2014) All Hail King Julien (2015) Niko and the Sword of Light (2016) Lost in Oz: Extended Adventure (2017) SpongeBob SquarePants (2018) The Loud House (2019) The Dragon Prince (2020) vteTCA Award for Outstanding Achievement in Youth Programming Faerie Tale Theatre (1985) WonderWorks (1986) Pee-wee’s Playhouse (1987) Degrassi Junior High (1988) The Jim Henson Hour (1989) Jim Henson (1990) War within the Gulf: Questions & Answers with Peter Jennings (1991) Peggy Charren – Action for Children’s Television (1992) Nick News (1993) Nick News (1994) Nick News (1995) Wishbone (1996) Bill Nye the Science Guy / Wishbone (1997) Blue’s Clues (1998) Blue’s Clues (1999) Between the Lions (2000) Between the Lions / Sesame Street (2001) SpongeBob SquarePants (2002) Reading Rainbow (2003) Nick News (2004) Degrassi: The Next Generation (2005) High School Musical (2006) Kyle XY (2007) WordGirl (2008) Yo Gabba Gabba! (2009) Yo Gabba Gabba! (2010) Sesame Street (2011) Switched at Birth (2012) Bunheads (2013) The Fosters (2014) The Fosters (2015) Daniel Tiger's Neighborhood (2016) Speechless (2017) Sesame Street (2018) Arthur (2019) Molly of Denali (2020) vteTeen Choice Award for Choice Animated Series Family Guy (2006) The Simpsons (2007) Family Guy (2008) SpongeBob SquarePants (2009) Family Guy (2010) The Simpsons (2011–14) Family Guy (2015–17) Miraculous (2018) vteNickelodeon unique programmingCurrent Are You Afraid of the Dark? (1990–2000; since 2019) All That (1994–2005; since 2019) SpongeBob SquarePants (since 1999) Bubble Guppies (since 2011) PAW Patrol (since 2013) Blaze and the Monster Machines (since 2014) The Loud House (since 2016) Rusty Rivets (since 2016) Hunter Street (since 2017) Top Wing (since 2017) Rise of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (since 2018) Butterbean's Café (since 2018) Abby Hatcher (since 2019) The Substitute (since 2019) The Casagrandes (since 2019) Blue's Clues & You! (since 2019) Top Elf (since 2019) It's Pony (since 2020) The Crystal Maze (since 2020) Tyler Perry's Young Dylan (since 2020) Danger Force (since 2020) Group Chat (since 2020) Nickelodeon's Unfiltered (since 2020) Santiago of the Seas (since 2020) Unleashed (since 2020) Side Hustle (since 2020) The Astronauts (since 2020) Baby Shark's Big Show! (since 2020) Tooned In (since 2021) Drama Club (since 2021)Upcoming The Barbarian and the Troll (2021) The Patrick Star Show (2021) Star Trek: Prodigy (2021) Big Nate (2021) Middlemost Post (2021) Warped! (2021) Former authentic collection template Game displays template Made-for-TV films template SNICK and TEENick Guide guide Nickelodeon portal Authority control BNF: cb40224537x (information) GND: 7623343-1 MBW paintings: 588e734b-a5f7-4906-9eb4-a77bd7ab3a27 VIAF: 316752676 WorldCat Identities (by way of VIAF): 316752676 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=SpongeBob_SquarePants&oldid=1013302921"

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