Civil War Quotes

Just after the US Civil War, a handsome and right kind Texan Colonel, an attractive young debutante, and a foppish city boy from the east discovered themselves travelling via educate throughout the heartland of Texas. As they rode in silence, the Texan could not help but realize the city boy saved staring on the younger lady. He scowled his disapproval every time he"As in a longstanding civil war - art, religion, and all the other foot soldiers of history march with feet rising in contradiction and falling to the drumbeat of reconciliation toward a shared fate: a final battle and a final peace."civil war #2 "The shepherd drives the wolf from the sheep's for which the sheep thanks the shepherd as his liberator, while the wolf denounces him for the same act as the destroyer of liberty. Plainly, the sheep and the wolf are not agreed upon a definition of liberty."Thus in 1861, when the Civil War started, the Union didn't face a relaxed Southern society short of to be left by myself. It faced an an competitive energy, a Genosha, an entire society in accordance with the"When it involves the Civil War, all of our common working out, our in style history and tradition, our great films, the subtext of our arguments are in defiance of its painful truths.

300 Civil War Quotes (2021 Update) - Quote Ambition

The Confederate flag used to be the flag of the American South all through the civil war. It used to be the flag of people who had been combating towards their own executive in an try to retain slavery. It was the flag of people who idea slavery used to be no problem, who concept slavery used to be a good factor.The English Civil War (1642-1651) was once a chain of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers") over, principally, the manner of England's government.The first (1642-46) and 2nd (1648-49) wars pitted the supporters of King Charles I against the supporters of the Long Parliament, whilst the third (1649-51) noticed preventingCaptain America: Civil War Videos. View All Videos (9) Captain America: Civil War Quotes. Tony Stark/Iron Man: Your judgement is askew. Baron Zemo: Mission Report: December sixteenth, 1991.Logan was once speaking in regards to the Civil War, which claimed the lives of more than 500,000 Americans. He sought after to supply Civil War veterans with an afternoon to pay respects to their fellow squaddies who didn't reside to peer the tip of the war, with out losing an afternoon's pay.

300 Civil War Quotes (2021 Update) - Quote Ambition

The 29 Best Quotes About civil war - Bookroo

Winning the Revolutionary War, or the Civil War, or World War II were the turning issues in our history, the sine qua non of our forward progress. Stephen Ambrose Nations, like individuals, are punished for their transgressions. There never was a time when, individually, a way may just no longer be discovered to prevent the drawing of the sword. UlyssesGod, Civil War, Duty 99 Copy quote Always mystify, deceive, and surprise the enemy, if conceivable; and when you strike and overcome him, never let up within the pursuit as long as your men have energy to apply; for an army routed, if hotly pursued, turns into panic-stricken, and will then be destroyed by part their quantity.The Civil War isn't just the central match of American history however its a central tournament in massive techniques for the world itself. If we consider today within the twentieth century, as for sure we will have to, that widespread govt is tips on how to go, it is the strategy to the emancipation of the human spirit; then the Civil War established the fact that a well-liked govtChief Justice Salmon P. Chase, July 1867 (Foote, The Civil War, Vol. 3, p. 765) "Governor, if I had foreseen the use the ones other people designed to make in their victory, there would have been no surrender at Appomattox Courthouse; no sir, now not through me.Sep 1, 2015 - Explore Keith Brenner's board "Civil War Quotes" on Pinterest. See extra concepts about civil war quotes, quotes, war quotes.

The Civil War (documentary) - Wikiquote

The Civil War is a nine-episode collection created through Ken Burns, about The American Civil War, produced through PBS in 1990. The episodes have been narrated through David McCullough.

Episode 1: The Cause[edit]

We have shared the incommunicable revel in of war. We have felt, we still really feel, the passion of life to its most sensible. In our youths, our hearts were touched with fireplace. Oliver Wendell Holmes (Opening Lines) We have shared the incommunicable experience of war. We have felt, we still really feel, the eagerness of existence to its most sensible. In our youths, our hearts were touched with fire.By the summer season of 1861, Wilmer McLean had had enough. Two nice armies have been converging on his farm and what will be the first primary battle of the Civil War, Bull Run, or Manassas because the Confederates called it, would soon rage around the getting old Virginian's farm: a Union shell going so far as to explode in the summer kitchen. Now McLean moved his family away from Manassas, a long way south and west of Richmond, out of damage's way, he prayed, to a dusty little crossroads' known as Appomattox Court House. And it was there in his living room, 3 and a part years later, that Lee surrendered to Grant. And Wilmer McLean could rightfully say, "The war began in my front yard and ended in my front parlor." The Civil War was once fought in ten thousand puts, from Valverde, New Mexico and Tullahoma, Tennessee, to St. Albans, Vermont and Fernandina on the Florida Coast. More than three million Americans fought in it. And over six hundred thousand men, two p.c of the inhabitants, died in it. What started as a sour dispute over Union and State's Rights, ended as a combat over the which means of freedom in America. "No day ever dawns for the slave," a freed black man wrote, "nor is it looked for. For the slave it is all night — all night forever." One white Mississippian used to be extra blunt: "I'd rather be dead," he mentioned, "than be a nigger on one of these big plantations." A slave entered the sector in a one-room, dirt-floored shack. Drafty in wintry weather, reeking in summer time, slave cabins bred pneumonia, typhus, cholera, lockjaw, and tuberculosis. The kid who survived to be sent to the fields at 12 used to be likely to have worms, rotten enamel, dysentery and malaria. Fewer than four in 100 lived to be 60. There was once by no means a second in our historical past when slavery used to be not a napping serpent. It lay coiled up under the table throughout the deliberations of the Constitutional Convention. Owing to the cotton gin, it used to be greater than half wakeful. Thereafter, slavery was once on everybody's thoughts, even though no longer always on his tongue. Here ahead of God, in the presence of those witnesses, I consecrate my lifestyles to the destruction of slavery. John BrownWe are separated as a result of incompatibility of temper. We are divorced North from South, because we hated each and every other so. Mary Chesnut (The actual quote from A Diary from Dixie is: "We separated North from South because of incompatibility of temper. We are divorced because we have hated each other so.")I, John Brown, am now relatively sure that the crimes of this guilty land will never be purged away but with blood. John BrownJohn Brown, John Brown...essential individual in historical past. Important, regardless that, for only one episode. Failure in everything in life, except he turns into the one most-important issue, personally, in bringing on the War. The defense force gadget within the South, which had been a funny story ahead of this, ahead of then, becomes a viable instrument, because the Southern militias begin to take a real shape and the South begins to fret about Northerners agitating the Blacks to murder them of their beds. It used to be the beginning of the Confederate Army. The bird of our nation is a debilitated chicken, disguised in eagle feathers. We have never been a nation. We are handiest an combination of states, ready to fall apart at the first severe shock. In your hands, my upset countrymen, and not in mine, is the momentous factor of civil war. The govt won't assail you. You can have no struggle without being yourselves the aggressors. We are not enemies, but friends. We must not be enemies. Though passion will have strained, it must not wreck our bonds of love. The mystic chords of memory, stretching from each battlefield and patriot grave to every living middle and hearthstone everywhere this vast land will yet swell the refrain of the Union, when once more touched, as no doubt they'll be, via the easier angels of our nature. President Abraham Lincoln in his first inaugural address, March 4th, 1861 After the sacrifice of countless thousands and thousands of treasure and hundreds of hundreds of lives, it's possible you'll win Southern Independence. But I doubt it. Let me tell you what's coming. ‘‘‘After the sacrifice of countless tens of millions of treasure and masses of thousands of lives, you may win Southern Independence. But I doubt it. The North is determined to maintain the Union. They aren't a fiery, impulsive other folks as you are, for they are living in chillier climates. But once they start to transfer in a given route, they move with the stable momentum and perseverance of a mighty avalanche. On the day Sumter fell, the Regular Army of the United States consisted of fewer than 17,000 men, most of whom were stationed within the Far West. Only two of its Generals had ever commanded an army in the box, and both were gone their prime. Winfield Scott, the hero of the Mexican War, "Old Fuss and Feathers," was once too fat even to mount a horse. Not by way of one phrase or glance are we able to locate any alternate in the demeanor of the Negro servants. ... They make no signal. Are they ... stupid? Or wiser than we are; silent and strong, biding their time? Mary ChesnutI inform you that if I had been on through dying mattress the following day and the President of the United States should tell me that a great combat was once to be fought for the liberty or slavery of the rustic, and asked my judgment as to the power of a commander, I might say with my demise breath, let it be Robert E. Lee! To maintain the Constitution, Lincoln had for three months gone beyond it: waging war without Congressional consent; seizing Northern telegraph places of work; suspending habeas corpus. To stay the border states from seceding, Lincoln despatched troops to occupy Baltimore and clapped the mayor and 19 secessionist legislators in prison, with out trial. Chief Justice Taney dominated that the President had exceeded his energy. Lincoln merely left out him. "More rogues than honest men find shelter under habeas corpus," he said, and even pondered arresting the Chief Justice. Little did I conceive of the greatness of the defeat, the magnitude of the disaster which has been entailed on the United States. So brief lived has been the American Union that males who noticed it upward thrust might live to see it fall. December 31, deficient old 1861 just going. It has been a dark year of trouble and disaster. I will have to be happy to look its going had been it now not that 1862 is likely to be no higher.

Episode 2: A Very Bloody Affair.[edit]

If we had ten % casualties in a battle as of late it might be looked on as a blood bathtub. They had thirty p.c, in several battles, and one after some other. It was once virtually unimaginable that anything else that horrendous may just happen. [..] If we had ten p.c casualties in a combat as of late it could be regarded on as a blood tub. They had thirty %, in numerous battles. And one after any other, you notice. I always shot at Privates. It used to be they who did the taking pictures and killing and if I may just kill or wound me a Private, well my chances had been such a lot the better. I all the time regarded on Officers as innocuous personages. February 9, 1862. Dear Mr. President: General McClellan has almost ruined your administration and the country. He is a do-nothing. He is pondering of the presidency in '64. He is placating the Rebels—that’s what ails him. Depend upon it. What shall I do? The persons are impatient. Chase has no money and tells me he can lift no more. The General of the Army, McClellan, has typhoid fever. The backside is out of the bathtub. What shall I do? Abraham Lincoln to Quartermaster General Montgomery MeigsWashington. Dear Ellen: I went to the White House shortly after tea, where I discovered "the Original Gorilla", about as intelligent as ever. What a specimen to be at the head of our affairs now! George McClellan, letter to his spouseIn the midst of all his troubles, the President thrilled in his sons. The oldest, Robert, used to be away at Harvard, but Willie, 11, and eight-year-old Thomas, referred to as Tad, had the run of the White House. Willie was once studious, liked to compose verse and memorize railroad timetables. He had raised a boys’ battalion from among his schoolmates and invaded Cabinet conferences along with his "troops." In February, he developed what the doctor called bilious fever. His folks sat up night time after night time to nurse him. On February 20, Willie died. For 3 months, Mary Lincoln veered between loud weeping and silent despair and sought to communicate together with her useless kid through spiritualists. The War left Lincoln little time to mourn. He was quickly again operating 18 hours a day. News tales described him coolly smoking beneath fire, and admirers shipped him barrels of cigars. A thrilled Northern public now thought they knew what the initials in his name stood for: they referred to as him "Unconditional Surrender Grant." Shiloh had the similar choice of casualties as Waterloo, and yet when it was fought there have been another twenty Waterloos to practice Once more, let me tell you: it is indispensable to you that you strike a blow...I've by no means written to you, nor spoken to you, in larger kindness than now, nor with a fuller goal to maintain you...But you must act. President Abraham Lincoln in a telegram dated 9 April 1862 addressed to the Commander of the Army of the Potomac, George McClellanShiloh had the similar number of casualties as Waterloo, and yet when it used to be fought there were another twenty Waterloos to apply; and Grant in a while earlier than Shiloh mentioned 'I believe this war practically over and they are able to surrender', and the day after Shiloh he mentioned 'I noticed this was once going to need to be a war of conquest in the event that they were going to win'. Shiloh did that, and it sobered the nation up something awful with the realization that they had an excessively bloody affair on their arms. Shelby FooteYears in a while, a Union veteran mentioned essentially the most a soldier may say of any fight used to be "I was worse scared than I was at Shiloh." Shiloh is a Hebrew phrase, that means "place of peace." April 11, 1862. I firmly imagine that, ahead of many centuries extra, science would be the grasp of guy. The engines he will have invented will probably be past his strength to control. Some day, science shall have the life of mankind in its power, and the human race commit suicide by blowing up the arena. The age of the bayonet fee was over, despite the fact that most officials didn't but are aware of it when the war started. And some had nonetheless now not but learned it when the war was once over. The minie ball could kill at half of one mile and used to be correct at 250 yards, five instances so far as any other one man weapon. The age of the bayonet price was once over, though most officials didn't yet understand it when the war began. And some had nonetheless now not but realized it when the war used to be over. A law was made...allowing each and every one that owned 20 negroes to head home. It gave us the blues. We sought after 20 negroes...there was raised the howl of "rich man’s war, poor man’s fight." From this time on until the top of the War, a soldier used to be simply a gadget: a conscript. All our delight and valor had gone and we had been in poor health of war and cursed the Southern Confederacy. Sam WatkinsA apprehensive Jefferson Davis now ready for a siege of Richmond, depending increasingly at the advice of his shut military adviser, Robert E. Lee. When Davis requested Lee the place Lee though the South’s subsequent defensive position must be drawn once Richmond fell, Lee said, "Richmond must not fall. It shall not be given up." Still, George McClellan refused to assault. Though his army nonetheless outnumbered the rebels, he remained convinced the other used to be true. One observer famous that McClellan had a specific college for "realizing hallucinations." We communicate of the irrepressible warfare and almost give the misinform our talk. We wage war towards slaveholding rebels and but protect and increase the motive, which has moved the slaveholders to rebel. We strike at the effect and depart the motive unharmed. Fire won't burn it out folks. Water can not wash it out of us—that this war with the slaveholders can never be delivered to a fascinating termination until slavery, the to blame cause of all our nationwide troubles, has been utterly and forever abolished.

Episode 3: Forever Free[edit]

I wanted to peer those glorious Yankees such a lot, as I heard my oldsters say that the Yankees was once going to set the entire slaves loose. It had been the bloodiest day in American historical past. The Union lost 2,108 dead, another 10,293 wounded or lacking, double the choice of casualties of D-Day, Eighty two years later. Lee lost fewer males, 10,318 casualties. But that used to be a quarter of his military. He would have a person shot at the drop of a hat, and he would drop it himself. He who does not see the hand of God in that is blind, sir, blind. Stonewall JacksonI were studying so much about the Yankees, I used to be very frightened to peer them. The whites would inform their colored people to not move to the Yankees, for they would harness them to carts and make them pull the carts around in place of horses. I requested Grandmother one day if this was true. She spoke back, "Certainly not!," that the white other folks didn't need slaves to go over to the Yankees and told them this stuff to frighten them. I wanted to see those glorious Yankees such a lot, as I heard my oldsters say that the Yankees was once going to set all of the slaves loose. His name may well be audacity! He will take more chances and take them quicker than any other General in this nation, north or south. Confederate Colonel Joseph Ives describing General Robert E. LeeAll but one of the crucial battles of the Seven Days have been Union victories, yet McClellan handled them as defeats, continuing to backtrack till he reached the protection of federal gunboats at Harrison’s Landing at the James River. Union officials instructed a counterattack. Lee had lost 20,000 men. McClellan refused. One officer recommended his commander was once motivated both by way of "cowardice or treason". In just one week, Lee had utterly unnerved the Union normal, and demonstrated for the first time the strengths that may make him a legend. Surprise, audacity, and an eerie talent to learn his combatants thoughts. In simply seven days, McClellan have been utterly out-generalled. He may just no longer let himself be made a idiot, the Union be made a fool, via standing up for principles that might not be vindicated on the battlefield. Barbara Fields on Lincoln's resolution to look ahead to a victory sooner than pronouncing the Emancipation ProclamationSunday, a Soldier of Company A died and was buried. Everything went on as though nothing had took place. Death is so commonplace that little sentiment is wasted. It is not like dying at home. They were the dirtiest males I ever saw. A maximum ragged lean and hungry set of wolves. Yet there was a splash about them that the northern men lacked. Before the daylight faded, I walked far and wide the slender field. All round lay the Confederate lifeless, clad in butternut. As I regarded down on the deficient pinched faces, all enmity died out. There used to be no secession in those rigid forms, nor in those mounted eyes staring at the sky. Clearly, it was no longer their war. Private David L. Thompson, ninth New YorkIt have been the bloodiest day in American historical past. The Union lost 2,108 useless, some other 10,293 wounded or lacking, double the choice of casualties of D-Day, Eighty two years later. Lee lost fewer men, 10,318 casualties. But that was once 1 / 4 of his army. McClellan had various reserves waiting out of doors Sharpsburg, however he never used them. Lee, outnumbered 3-to-1, braced for a new attack all the next day. It by no means came. On the 18th, Lee and his military slipped back around the Potomac. McClellan may just declare a victory, however he may have won the War. Lee’s invasion were halted, he had suffered horrible losses, however his army had no longer been destroyed. You do have a big problem if in case you have devices that are from states and counties or even towns. And a kind of regiments can get in a tight spot in a particular fight, like within the cornfield at Sharpsburg. And the news could also be that there are not more younger males in that town. They're all lifeless. Shelby FooteThe dead of the battlefield come up to us very hardly, even in goals. We see the lists within the morning with paper at breakfast, but push aside this recollection with a coffee. Mr. Matthew Brady has accomplished one thing to deliver to us the terrible truth and carelessness of the war. If he has not introduced our bodies and laid them at our doorstep, he has performed one thing very love it. Review of Matthew Brady's Gallery 'The Dead of Antietam' in New York City We had been now the missionaries of a perfect paintings of redemption, the armed liberators of millions. The war was ennobled, the item was higher It was no longer a query of the Union as it used to be, that was to be reestablished. It was the Union correctly, this is to mention, washed clean from its original sin. We have been now not simply the Soldiers of a political controversy, we had been now the missionaries of a super work of redemption, the armed liberators of tens of millions. The war used to be ennobled, the item was once higher. The triumph of the Confederacy could be a victory of the powers of evil, which might give courage to the enemies of progress and damp the spirit of pals, all over the civilized world. The American Civil War is destined to be a turning point, for just right or evil, of the course of human affairs. The dogmas of the quiet previous are inadequate to the stormy present. As our case is new, so we must suppose anew and act anew. We should disenthrall ourselves, after which we will save our nation. Fellow electorate, we can't break out history. The fiery trial during which we cross will light us down, in honor or dishonor, to the latest era. We say we are for Union. The international is not going to overlook that we are saying this. In giving freedom to the slave, we assure freedom to the free – honorable alike in what we give and what we preserve. We shall nobly save, or meanly lose, the final highest hope of Earth. President Abraham Lincoln, 2d State of the Union Address, 1 December 1862I lose patience with the argument that as a result of someone's time, that his barriers are therefore excusable, and even praiseworthy. It is not true that it used to be impossible in that point and place to seem any higher. Think of Wendell Phillips, who, commenting on Abraham Lincoln's proposal to colonize black other people in another country, was once sarcastic. He mentioned, ‘colonize the blacks? A person would possibly as well colonize his own palms, or when the robber is in his space, he might as neatly colonize his revolver.’

Episode 4: Simply Murder[edit]

I do know of no braver men in both military than the Union troops at Fredericksburg, which is a major defeat. But to keep charging that wall at the foot of Marye's Heights after all the failures they been in, and they have been all screw ups, is a novel instance of valor. It was once suicide. They got here forward, one guy said, as regardless that they have been breasting a hurricane of rain and sleet. Faces and bodies half turned to the typhoon, shoulders shrugged. The Irish Brigade got within twenty-five paces of the wall. The males of the 24th Georgia who shot them down have been Irish too. They nonetheless thought that to mass their hearth they needed to mass their males. So they lined up and marched up toward an entrenched line and were given blown away. Shelby FooteMore credit score for valor is given to Confederate Soldiers. They have been supposed to have extra élan and dash. Actually, I do know of no braver males in either army than the Union troops at Fredericksburg, which is a significant defeat. But to stay charging that wall at the foot of Marye's Heights in the end the disasters they been in, and they were all screw ups, is a singular instance of valor. Shelby FooteIn Texas, General John B Magruder captured a Union flotilla at Galveston. After the bombardment, Confederate Major A. M. Lee went aboard the badly hit USS Harriet Lane. There he discovered his son, a Federal Lieutenant, dying at the deck. January 24, close to Falmouth. Daylight showed a abnormal scene. Men, horses, artillery, pontoons, and wagons are stuck in the mud. Rebels post an indication, says 'Burnside's stuck in the mud'. We can fight rebels, however now not in the dust. Elisha Hunt RhodesI want you could hear Joshua give off a command and see him journey alongside the battalion on his white horse. He seemed so splendidly. He instructed me final night that he by no means felt so smartly in his lifestyles. Tom ChamberlainWhat makes it odd is that I will have to have won twelve kilos dwelling on worms. Those hateful gunboats. They seem like they had been from the lower regions. Now that is the second one night that four of them had been anchored in the river reverse our area. [I] see the men crawling about on the boats like such a lot of black snakes. It was once no unusual occurrence for a person to find the outside of his pot of coffee swimming with weevils after breaking up hardtack in it. But they have been simply skimmed off and left no distinctive flavor at the back of. Union SoldierIn March 1863, John Mosby’s Confederate Rangers raided Fairfax Courthouse, Virginia, shooting two captains, 30 Privates, Fifty eight horses and Brigadier General Edwin Stoughton. "For that I am sorry," Lincoln mentioned when informed of the seize, "for I can make Brigadier Generals, but I can’t make horses." General Mosby had made lifestyles depressing for Northern commanders all the way through the War. No other Confederate officer used to be mentioned favorably as again and again in Robert E. Lee’s dispatches as John Singleton Mosby. The Confederacy has been carried out to dying by way of politicians. Mary Chesnut'I make no phrases', Davis as soon as stated, 'I make no compromise.' He refused to unbend in public, or to curry prefer with the press. Privately, he commuted just about each and every dying sentence for desertion that reached his desk, explaining that "The poorest use of a Soldier was to shoot him." Right beside the street would be Grant on his horse. A mud coated man on a dust covered horse, announcing “transfer on, shut up”. So they felt very much that he in my view was answerable for their movement and it gave them that added self assurance. Davis may smartly have been the only Southerner who understood Southern Nationality, who understood what sacrifices needed to be made if the Confederacy was once ever going to gel as a country. He saved announcing, "I need the kind of powers that Lincoln got. I need the kind of resources that he got in the draft laws. I need to be able to suspend the writ of habeas corpus like he did." He would have said, "We can’t live by the dogmas of the quiet past any longer." He didn’t say that, however he acted that out. He mentioned, "I have to be given the kinds—this Confederate government needs the kind of national authority—national power that the Union had in order to win." And they didn’t get it as a result of States’ Rights helped kill the Confederacy. Stephen B. OatesGeneral, I have placed you on the head of the Army of the Potomac...I have heard in one of these approach as to believe it of your just lately saying that both the Army and the Government needed a dictator. Of path, it used to be no longer for this, however despite this that I’ve given you command. Only those generals who acquire successes can arrange as dictators. What I now ask of you is military success, and I will risk the dictatorship. President Abraham Lincoln in a letter to Major General Joseph Hooker on January 26th, 1863The rooster is the wisest of the entire animal creation, as a result of she by no means cackles until after the egg is laid. Abraham Lincoln, caution Hooker not to be overconfident about his skill to defeat Lee. He could be proven right, as Hooker's army was soundly defeated on the Battle of Chancellorsville.Winfield Scott, Henry Halleck, Irving McDowell. George McClellan, John Pope, George McClellan once more. Ambrose Burnside, Joseph Hooker. Lincoln could not find the General he wanted. He now knew that to win the war, the Southern armies had to be overwhelmed. He had the lads, however he needed a General with the will to use them. The males knew they were minimize free from their base, knew they had been gonna be dependent for his or her supplies on an overly tenuous provide line. But Grant himself gave’em confidence. They believed Grant knew what he used to be doing, and one nice encouragement to them believing that used to be relatively continuously at the march, whether or not at evening or within the daylight hours, they’d be transferring alongside the street or over a bridge, and proper beside the street would be Grant on his horse. A dust covered man on a dirt covered horse, announcing “move on, shut up”. So they felt very a lot that he personally used to be accountable for their movement and it gave them that added self assurance. Shelby Foote

Episode 5: The Universe of Battle[edit]

More than as soon as all through the Civil War, newspapers reported a odd phenomenon. From only some miles away, a fight every now and then made no sound, despite the flash and smoke of cannon and the fact that more-distant observers could hear it obviously. These eerie silences had been referred to as acoustic shadows. In the summer of 1863 a Union warship searching a Confederate trade raider off Yokohama attacked a Japanese fleet for harassing the colony of Westerners there. The United States received its first naval fight in opposition to the Empire of Japan. But the Confederates got away. Stand company you boys from Maine. For now not once in a century are men permitted to undergo such obligations for freedom and justice, for God and humanity, as are actually positioned upon you. Private Theodore Gerrish Lee in reality did assume that if he asked his boys to do something, they'd do it, that they would do anything else. He had come by means of Gettysburg then to believe in his invincibility and that of his men. And it used to be his doom. General Longstreet, I think, had a excellent reason why to worry about attacking the Union position at Gettysburg. After all it was his corps at Fredericksburg that mowed down the Union troops in entrance of the stonewall. He may understand what the rifled musket may do, held in the hands of determined troops. Lee, via the summer season of 1863, had come to consider that he used to be invincible, and so used to be the Army of Northern Virginia. The file would nearly invite that when you see how that they had pummeled one Union General after some other, and defeated, or a minimum of fought to a draw the Army of the Potomac almost on each and every struggle up to that time. And Lee truly did think that if he requested his boys to do one thing, they would do it, that they might do anything. He had come through Gettysburg then to consider in his invincibility and that of his men. And it was once his doom. Stephen B. OatesProbably his greatest hour used to be after the repulse of Pickett's Charge. He walked out into the sector, met the boys backing out, and said "It is all my fault." Shelby Foote, recounting General Lee's actions on July 3, 1863Pickett was horrified. When instructed to rally his Division for a imaginable Union counterattack, Pickett responded, "General Lee, I have no division now." Pickett by no means forgave Lee. Years later he stated, "That old man had my division slaughtered." For each Southern boy, it’s always in his achieve to consider it being 1:00 on an early July day in 1863. The weapons are laid. The troops are coated up. The flags are already out of their circumstances and ready to be unfurled. But it hasn’t came about but. And he can return to the time ahead of the war was once going to be misplaced. And he can all the time have that second for himself. William Faulkner, in Intruder within the Dust, says that for each Southern boy, it’s all the time in his reach to consider it being 1:00 on an early July day in 1863. The weapons are laid. The troops are lined up. The flags are already out in their circumstances and in a position to be unfurled. But it hasn’t came about yet. And he can return to the time earlier than the war was once going to be misplaced. And he can always have that second for himself. Shelby FooteThe streets grew quiet when news of Gettysburg reached Clarksville, Tennessee. The 14th Tennessee regiment had left town two years ahead of with 960 men. When the Battle of Gettysburg started, simplest 365 remained. ‘‘‘By the tip of the primary day there have been 60 men left. By the top of the combat, there have been handiest 3. If this war developed one of the crucial most brutal, bestial, and devilish qualities lurking within the human race, it has also shown us how a lot of the angel there's in the most efficient of men and women. Sally Tomkins of Richmond and a body of workers of handiest six nursed 1,333 wounded men in her non-public health facility, and saved all however 73 of them alive; a file unmatched through another Civil War sanatorium, North or South. The Confederacy used to be reduce in two. The Mississippi had turn into a Union highway. “The father of waters,” Lincoln said, “again goes unvexed to the ocean.” We have lost the Mississippi, and our nation is split, and there’s not enough left to fight for. Confederate non-public captured in VicksburgThe Fourth of July would not be celebrated in Vicksburg again for Eighty one years. On the second one day of fierce fighting, Rosecrans dedicated a deadly mistake, ordering his troops to close an opening within the Union line that wasn't there. In the process, he opened up a real one; and Longstreet's Confederates stormed thru. No workforce was once more outraged than the immigrant Irish of New York, who feared the Blacks, who competed for the lowest-paying jobs, and for whose freedom they did not wish to combat. Democratic politicians fanned their anger. Once a black Union Soldier spotted his former owner amongst a bunch of Confederate prisoners. 'Hello massa' he said, 'backside rail on best this time'. On the second day of fierce combating, Rosecrans dedicated a deadly mistake, ordering his troops to near a gap in the Union line that wasn't there. In the process, he opened up a real one; and Longstreet's Confederates stormed through. The Union forces broke and ran. He spoke simply 269 words. He started off through reminding his target market that simply 87 years had passed since the founding of the country, and then he went on to embolden the Union motive with one of the most maximum stirring words ever spoken.

Episode 6: Valley of the Shadow of Death[edit]

That man Grant will struggle us everyday and each hour till the top of the war. The man who stood prior to us...used to be the learned King Arthur. While Grant conferred with Meade, individuals of his personnel described Grant’s triumphs in the West. Veterans of the Army of the Potomac weren't inspired. "That may be," one mentioned, "But Grant never met Bobby Lee." In 1861, Lee refused command of the northern military and adopted his state out of the Union, not as a result of he approved of slavery or secession, however as a result of he believed his first duty used to be to Virginia. I did most effective what my responsibility demanded. I can have taken no other path without dishonor. The man who stood earlier than us...was once the realized King Arthur. The soul that regarded out of his eyes was once as fair and fearless as when it first seemed out on lifestyles. One noticed the nature as clear as crystal, with out complication, and the guts as soft as that of perfect womanhood. Christiana Bond describing General Robert E. LeeA Union woman staring at Lee trip previous her Pennsylvania house stated, "I wish he were ours." Early within the War, he was once ridiculed as "The King of Spades" because of his fondness for entrenching and "Granny Lee" on account of his gray hair and strict tactics. But after he drove McClellan off the Peninsula, stopped Pope at Second Manassas, demolished Burnside at Fredericksburg and destroyed Hooker at Chancellorsville, all despite overwhelming odds, he gained the unshakable self belief of Jefferson Davis, and the unqualified love of his officials and males. That guy Grant will struggle us everyday and each and every hour until the top of the war. Never ahead of in my lifetime did I ever see any such scene as used to be enacted when Lee pronounced these phrases. A yell rent the air which must've been heard for miles around. A courier using through my facet with tears coursing down his cheeks exclaimed 'I might fee hell itself for that previous guy!' John Gregg General Lee had just referred to as a division of Texan Infantry to struggle with a shout of "Texans always move them"May 7. If we had been below another General aside from Grant, I will have to be expecting to retreat. But Grant is not that kind of Soldier. Elisha Hunt Rhodes Recorded after the defeat at the Battle of the Wilderness. The demand down here for killing functions is a ways forward of the provision. Thank God alternatively for the comfort that once the remaining guy is killed, the war will be over. Joseph E. Johnston, the Confederate commander who now confronted Sherman, was heartily disliked via President Jefferson Davis, however he was once very nearly worshipped via his males. "I do not believe there was a soldier in his army but would gladly have died for him. With him, everything was his soldiers. He would feed his soldiers if the country starved. Sam Watkins." Outgunned, outsupplied and outnumbered 2 to one, Joseph Johnston may most effective hope to sluggish Sherman’s advance and most likely trap him into making the type of doomed frontal attack that will assist swing the election in opposition to Lincoln. Narrator (Charley McDowell provides voice of Sam Watkins)In the first years of the war, battle used to be bloody however sporadic. From now on it will be waged with no break. From the Wilderness to Cold Harbor, it could not prevent for thirty days. It was, one Soldier wrote, 'Living night and day in the Valley of the Shadow of Death.' Petersburg is a magnificent sloop to the durability of men, on either side. It used to be just a practice session for World War I, trench warfare. And they stood up very well to it. But the Soldiers always did in that war; its to us almost an improbable bravery, bearing in mind the casualties. Shelby FooteJune 23, 1864. The demand down here for killing purposes is a long way forward of the availability. Thank God alternatively for the comfort that once the remaining man is killed, the war shall be over. This war you already know differs from previous wars in having no object to struggle for. It can't be completed until the entire men on both the one side or the opposite are killed. Both sides are attempting to do that as fast as they may be able to because it would be a pity to spin this affair out for two or three years longer. Sherman will never cross to hell. He'll flank the satan and make heaven despite the guards. Captured Confederate Soldier

Episode 7: Most Hallowed Ground[edit]

In not up to six months, from the Wilderness to Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor to Petersburg, Grant had nearly destroyed his Army. July 4th 1864. The Glorious fourth has come once more and we've had somewhat a celebration, with weapons firing shot and shell into Petersburg to remind them of the day. This day makes four Fourth of Julys I've passed within the Army. The first at Camp Clark, the second one at Harrison's Landing, the 3rd at Gettysburg, and today at Petersburg. Elisha Hunt RhodesA person who would stay on an ironclad from selection is a candidate for the insane asylum. Robert B Ely, Union SailorI had a good time in Washington. Lager beer and a horse and buggy, and in the evening, horizontal refreshment! Or, in plainer phrases, driving a Dutch gal. Had a great time typically, I let you know. Pvt. Eli Veazey, Union SoldierWomen who come before the general public are in a bad field now. ... All approach of things, they say, come over the border beneath the large hoops now worn, so they are ruthlessly torn off. Not legs however hands are appeared for only hoops, and, unhappy to say, found. Mary Chesnut, at the prevalence of female spiesThe information came like a flash of lightning, staggering and blinding everyone. Farewell previous fella, we privates loved ya since you made us love ourselves. Sam Watkins, on General Joe Johnston's reassignment from command of the Army of Tennessee The Union's most hallowed flooring.Every night for a month during the Siege, a Georgia sharpshooter played his cornet so superbly, that males on both sides stopped to concentrate. To avenge Sherman’s victories in Georgia, six Confederate brokers slipped into New York City, armed with phosphorous, intent upon burning down the City's most trendy accommodations. They controlled to gentle 10 fires and set P.T. Barnum's museum ablaze. Firemen put the whole thing out. All but probably the most Confederates got away. "The people of the North can't be rolling in wealth and comfort," the captured guy mentioned ahead of he used to be hanged, "while we in the South are bearing all the hardship and privations." I feel that the North fought that war with one hand at the back of its again. [...] I feel that if there were more Southern successes, and much more, the North simply would have introduced that other arm out from at the back of its back. I do not believe the South ever had a chance to win that war. Shelby FooteDear Nat, I feel well of the President. He has a face like a Hoosier Michelangelo, so terrible ugly it becomes beautiful, with its atypical mouth, its deep-cut crisscross traces, and its doughnut complexion. I do not live on the meant failures of his government. He has proven a virtually supernatural tact in keeping the ship afloat in any respect. I more and more depend upon his idiomatic western genius. Walt WhitmanNot the fall of Richmond, nor Wilmington, nor Charleston, nor Savannah, nor Mobile, nor the entire blended can save the enemy from consistent and exhaustive drain of blood and treasure, which should continue, until he shall uncover that no peace is possible except in accordance with the recognition of our indefeasible rights. President Jefferson DavisIf it hadn’t begun earlier than, the Lost Cause was born with his words. As Davis spoke at Richmond, his audience may hear Grant’s weapons at Petersburg, just 20 miles away. More and more, it was once becoming a Confederacy of the mind. Lincoln now issued a proclamation, making the ultimate Thursday in November a national day of Thanksgiving. In the trenches of Petersburg, 120,000 turkey and chicken dinners have been served to Grant's large Army. Only yards away, the Confederates had no banquet, but held their fireplace all day in recognize of the Union vacation. On the night time of November 25th [1864], on the Winter Garden Theater on Broadway, Shakespeare's Julius Caesar opened. Three brothers had starring roles: Edwin, Junius and John Wilkes Booth. At one point in Shakespeare’s play, Cassius speaks of the assassination of Caesar: "How many ages hence shall this, our lofty scene, be acted over, in states unborn and accents yet unknown?" By the spring of 1864 Union dead totally filled the military cemeteries of Washington and Alexandria. Secretary of War Stanton ordered the Quartermaster General, Montgomery Meigs to select a brand new website. Meigs was a Georgian who had served under Lee within the peacetime military, but he had developed an intense hatred for all his fellow Southerners who fought against the Union he nonetheless served. Without hesitation he picked the grounds of Robert E. Lee's house of Arlington for the new Army cemetery. [...] Now the men Grant was sending to struggle Robert E. Lee were being buried in Lee's personal front backyard. And that yard was Arlington National Cemetery: the Union's maximum hallowed floor.

Episode 8: War is All Hell[edit]

We revered them, as every man with a middle should appreciate those that give serious about their ideals. We believed that it used to be maximum desirable that the north should win. We believed in the principle that the Union is indissoluble. We, or many people at least, additionally believed that the battle was inevitable and that slavery had lasted lengthy enough. But we similarly believed those that stood in opposition to us held simply as sacred convictions that were the other of ours. And we revered them, as every man with a middle must appreciate those who give excited about their ideals. He noticed from the very beginning how onerous a war it was once going to be. And when he said how arduous a war it used to be going to be, he was retired under suspicion of madness; and then introduced again once they made up our minds perhaps he wasn't so crazy in the end. Shelby Foote (relating to Gen William Tecumseh Sherman)We have been willing to go anywhere, or to apply any person who would lead us. We had been worried to escape, struggle, or support. I have never observed an army so puzzled and demoralized. The entire factor looked to be tottering and trembling. Sherman’s males had been still harsher in South Carolina than they'd been in Georgia. "Here is where treason began," a private mentioned, "and by God, this is where it shall end." Fondly do we are hoping, fervently can we pray, that this mighty scourge of war may speedily move away. Yet if God wills that it proceed till all of the wealth piled up by way of the bondsman’s 250 years of unrequited toil can be sunk and till each drop of blood drawn with the lash will be paid by way of any other drawn with the sword, as used to be said 3,000 years in the past, so nonetheless will have to be stated: the judgments of the Lord are true and righteous altogether. With malice against none, with charity for all, with firmness in the best as God offers us to look the correct, let us strike on to complete the paintings we are in; to bind up the country’s wounds; to handle him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow and his orphan; to do all which might succeed in and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations. President Abraham Lincoln in his 2d inaugural deal with, March 4th, 1865.I by no means saw him [Abraham Lincoln] once more. Of the entire males I ever met, he appeared to possess extra of the elements of greatness, combined with goodness, than every other. William Tecumseh Sherman You are the rustic to these men. The behavior of the Southern people appears many times to be truely noble, as exemplified as an example in the protection of Petersburg. Old men with silver locks lay lifeless within the trenches side by side with mere boys of 13 or fourteen. It virtually makes one sorry to must combat in opposition to individuals who display such devotion for their homes and their country. Washington RoeblingThe few men who nonetheless carried their muskets had rarely the illusion of soldiers. Their clothes all tattered and covered with dust, their eyes sunken and lusterless. Yet still they were looking forward to Gen. Lee to inform them where they have been to face the valiant fight. Magnus Thompson, Confederate CavalrymanThe country be damned, there is not any nation, there was no country, for a 12 months or extra. You are the rustic to those males. Confederate Officer to Gen R. E. Lee, urging him to surrender It was once the start of the unification of the rustic. They knew each and every different. Grant remembered Lee rather well. Lee did not slightly keep in mind Grant. That used to be comprehensible from the time that they had been acquainted, back in the early days. But I believe it used to be the sensitivity that the 2 men had, for every different, and for the instant. Grant no longer in need of to get to the point too quickly. Lee bringing him up in a while to the point of why they are in combination. Lee, wearing his closing good uniform. Grant apologizing that he was speeding from the sector and did not have time to switch. The scribe being unable to carry the pen stable and having it taken through some other Soldier. That, from Lee's viewpoint, awful moment, and from Grant's point of view, wonderful second, and but for the two of them, a sad and quiet second. And Lee taking his go away, and doffing his hat from Traveler, and driving back to his troops after securing those reasonable terms. It was once the start of the unification of the country. If one army drank the joy of victory, and the opposite the sour draught of defeat, it was once a pleasure moderated by way of the recollection of the cost at which it were bought, and a defeat mollified via the consciousness of many triumphs. If the victor may just recall a Malvern Hill, an Antietam, a Gettysburg, a Five Forks, the vanquished could recall a Manassas, a Fredericksburg, a Chancellorsville, a Cold Harbor. William Swinton, The New York TimesA crowd of squaddies waited in front of Lee’s tent. "Boys," he informed them, "I have done the best I could for you. Go home now, and if you make as good citizens as you have soldiers, you will do well, and I shall always be proud of you. Good-bye, and God bless you all." He became and disappeared into his tent.

Episode 9: The Better Angels of Our Nature[edit]

My sneakers are long gone. My clothes are gone. I’m weary, in poor health, and hungry. My family have all been killed or scattered. I have suffered all this for my nation. I like my nation, but when this war is ever over, I’ll be damned if I ever love another country. Confederate soldier in James Longstreet's military"You may forgive us," a surrendering Rebel officer [Henry A. Wise] advised Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain after the ceremony at Appomattox, "but we won’t be forgiven. There is a rancor in our hearts, which you little dream of. We hate you, sir." We are scattered - surprised. The remnant of heart left alive in us is stuffed with brotherly hate. Whose fault? Everybody blamed [by way of] somebody else. Only the lifeless heroes left stiff and stark at the battlefield escape. Mary Chesnut, on Confederate response to Lee's give upYou, white other folks, are the kids of Abraham Lincoln. We are, at highest, simplest his stepchildren. Viewed from the genuine abolition ground, Mr. Lincoln seemed tardy, cold, uninteresting, indifferent. But measuring him through the sentiment of his country, a sentiment he was sure as a statesman to seek the advice of, he was swift, zealous, radical and made up our minds. Taking him all in all, measuring the tremendous magnitude of the work earlier than him, taking into consideration the essential manner to ends, infinite wisdom has seldom despatched any guy into the arena better fitted for his undertaking than Abraham Lincoln. Frederick DouglassAmerica has no north, no south, no east, no west. The sun rises over the hills and units over the mountains. The compass simply issues up and down. And we will be able to snigger now at the absurd perception of there being a north or a south. We are one and undivided. Sam WatkinsRobert E. Lee swore renewed allegiance to the United States, and by so doing persuaded 1000's of his former Soldiers to do the similar. For he'll smile, and come up with with unflinching courtesy, prayers, trappings, letters, uniforms and orders, images, kindness, valor and recommendation, and do it with such grace and gentleness, that you will know you will have the entire of him penned down, mapped out. Easy to grasp. And so you've gotten. All issues aside from the guts. The middle he kept a secret to the tip, from all of the picklocks of biographers. Epitaph for Robert E. Lee, read by way of Shelby FooteUnable now to eat or talk, he sat on the front porch within the afternoon laboring over his manuscript. He finished it on July 16 and died one week later. Grant's memoirs offered half one million copies and restored his family's fortune. Who received the war? The Union Army clearly gained the war, in the sense that they were the military left status and maintaining their guns when it was once all over the place. So the Soldiers who fought within the Union Army, the generals who directed it, the President who led the rustic all through it, received the war. If we're not speaking almost about the collection of battles that finished up with the surrender at Appomattox, however speaking as a substitute in regards to the struggle to make something higher and higher out of the country, then the query gets extra difficult. The slaves gained the war and so they misplaced the war. Because they won freedom, that's the removing of slavery. But they didn't win freedom, as they understood freedom. Barbara Fields So the war becomes, in essence, it turns into a testament for the liberation of the human spirit forever. I assume that slavery is merely the horrible statutory expression of a deeper, of a deeper rift between other people according to race. And that is what we struggle nonetheless to... to heal . And I think the significance of Lincoln's existence, and his victory, used to be that we will be able to by no means again enshrine those concepts into legislation. But now we could see what we will do to erase them from the hearts and minds of other people. James SymingtonThe Civil War is not only the central event of American history however its a central tournament in massive tactics for the arena itself. If we believe today within the twentieth century, as for sure we should, that well-liked govt is the right way to go, it is the strategy to the emancipation of the human spirit; then the Civil War established the fact that a popular executive may just survive, that it would overcome an interior secession motion that might wreck it. So the war becomes, in essence, it turns into a testament for the liberation of the human spirit all the time. Reliving the war in phrases, he came to hope he could relive it in truth. And he came to believe that his fellow Soldiers, grey and blue, may someday be capable of just do that, if not right here on earth, then afterwards in Valhalla. [...] And once more to abruptly don our war gear whilst the monotonous powder of the long roll summons to combat. Who is aware of but once more the previous flags, ragged and torn, snapping in the wind, might face every different and flutter, pursuing and pursued, whilst the cries of victory fill a summer time day. And after the fight, then the slain and wounded will rise up, and all will meet in combination underneath the two flags, all sound and neatly, and there will probably be speaking and laughter and cheers. And all will say Did it not appear real? Was is not as in the outdated days? Sgt Barry Benson, Confederate Soldier, Army of Northern Virginia

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